Zeitgeist: Moving Forward (Final Cut)

Zeitgeist: Moving Forward (Final Cut)

In a decaying society, Art if it is truthful, must also reflect decay. And unless it wants to break faith
with its social function… Art must show the world as changeable. And help to change it. Ernst Fischer. Deadly riots
over the government’s plan… to avoid defaulting on its loans… is that the unemployment
keeps rising… and it has to keep rising… just because we have an
excess supply of goods which is… this is all borrowed money… and that debt is owned by
banks in other countries… M-O-N-E-Y, in the form of
a convenient personal loan… filter cigarette that delivers
the taste… 45 malt liquor… Are You Hot?!… is the US planning to bomb Iran?… America is sponsoring
terror attacks in Iran… Now, my grandmother
was a wonderful person. She taught me how to play the game Monopoly. She understood
that the name of the game is to acquire. She would accumulate everything
she could and eventually, she became
the master of the board. And then she would always say
the same thing to me. She would look at me and she would say: “One day,
you’ll learn to play the game”. One summer I played Monopoly
almost every day, all day long… and that summer,
I learned to play the game. I came to understand
that the only way to win… is to make a total commitment
to acquisition. I came to understand that money
and possessions… that’s the way that you keep score. And by the end of that summer I was more ruthless than my grandmother. I was ready to bend the rules
if I had to, to win that game… and I sat down with her to play that fall. I took everything she had. I watched her give her last dollar
and quit in utter defeat. And then she had one more thing to teach me. Then she said: “Now it all goes back in the box. All those houses and hotels. All the railroads and utility companies… All that property
and all that wonderful money… Now it all goes back in the box. None of it was really yours. You got all heated up about it for a while. But it was around a long time
before you sat down at the board… and it will be here after you’re gone
“players come, players go”. Houses and cars… titles and clothes… even your body”. Because the fact is that everything
I clutch and consume and hoard… is going to go back in the box
and I’m going to lose it all. So you have to ask yourself… when you finally get
the ultimate promotion… when you have made
the ultimate purchase… when you buy the ultimate home… when you have stored up
financial security… and climbed the ladder of success
to the… highest rung you can possibly climb it… and the thrill wears off… “and it will wear off”… then what? How far do you have to walk
down that road… before you see where it leads? Surely you understand… it will never be enough. So you have to ask yourself the question: What matters? They’re Hot! They’re Rich! And They’re Spoiled! When I was a young man… growing up in New York City… I refused to pledge allegiance to the flag. Of course I was sent
to the principal’s office. And he asked me
“Why don’t you want to Pledge Allegiance”? Everybody does!’ I said, “Everybody once believed
the earth was flat… but that doesn’t make it so”. I explained that America
owed everything it has… to other cultures… and other nations… and that I would
rather pledge allegiance… to the earth… and everyone on it. Needless to say,
it wasn’t long… before I left school entirely… and I set up a lab in my bedroom. There I began to learn
about science… and nature. I realized then… that the universe
is governed by laws… and that the human being… along with society itself… was not exempt from these laws. Then came the crash of 1929. Which began what we now call… “The Great Depression”. I found it difficult
to understand why millions… were out of work
homeless, starving… while all the factories were sitting there. The resources were unchanged. It was then that I realized that the rules
of the economic game… were inherently invalid. Shortly after came World War II… where various nations took turns… systematically destroying each other. I later calculated
that all the destruction… and wasted resources… spent on that war… could have easily
provided for every… human need on the planet. Since that time
I have watched humanity… set the stage for its own extinction. I have watched
as the precious finite resources… are perpetually wasted
and destroyed… in the name of profit and free-markets. I have watched the social values
of society be reduced… into a base artificiality
of materialism… and mindless consumption. And I have watched
as the monetary powers… control the political structure… of supposedly free societies. I’m 94 years old now. And I’m afraid my disposition… is the same as it was… 75 years ago. This shit’s got to go. So you’re a scientist and somewhere along the way,
hammered into your head… is the inevitable
“nature versus nurture”… and that’s at least up there
with Coke versus Pepsi… or Greeks versus Trojans. So, nature versus nurture:
This, by now… utterly over-simplifying view of… where influences are… influences on how a cell deals with… an energy crisis up to… what makes us who we are
on the most individualistic… levels of personality. And what you’ve got
is this complete false dichotomy… built around nature
as deterministic… at the very bottom of all the causality. Life is DNA
and the code of codes… and the Holy Grail,
and everything is driven by it… At the other end
is a much more… social science perspective
which is… We are ‘social organisms’… and biology is for slime molds. Humans are free of biology… and obviously both views are nonsense. What you see instead is that… it is virtually impossible
to understand… how biology works… outside of the context of environment. One of the most crazy… yet widespread and… potentially dangerous notions is: “Oh, that behavior is genetic”. Now what does that mean? It means all sorts
of subtle stuff if you… know modern biology,
but for most people… out there, what it winds-up meaning is: A deterministic view of life, one rooted in biology and genetics, genes equal things that cannot be changed, genes equal things that are… inevitable
and you might as well not… waste resources trying to fix, might as well not put
societal energies into trying… to improve because it’s inevitable
and it’s unchangeable… and that is sheer nonsense. It is widely though
that conditions like… ADHD are genetically programmed… That conditions like schizophrenia
are genetically programmed. The truth is the opposite. Nothing is genetically programmed. There are very rare diseases… a small handful… extremely sparsely represented
in the population… that are truly genetically determined. Most complex conditions… might have a predisposition
that has a genetic component… but a predisposition is not the same
as a predetermination. The whole search for the source
of diseases in the genome… was doomed to failure
before anybody even thought of it… because most diseases are not
genetically predetermined. Heart disease, cancers, strokes… rheumatoid conditions,
autoimmune conditions in general… mental health conditions, addictions… none of them are genetically determined. Breast cancer, for example,
out of 100 women with breast cancer… only seven will carry
the breast cancer genes. 93 do not… and out of 100 women
who do have the genes… not all of them will get cancer. Genes are not just things
that make us behave… in a particular way
regardless of our environment. Genes give us different ways
of responding to our environment. And, in fact,
it looks as if some of the early… childhood influences
and the kind of child rearing… affect gene expression… actually turning on or off
different genes… to put you on a different
developmental track… which may suit the kind of world
you’ve got to deal with. So for example. A study done in Montreal
with suicide victims… looked at autopsies of the brains
of these people… and it turned out
that if a suicide victim… these are usually young adults… had been abused as a child,
the abuse actually… caused a genetic change
in the brain… that was absent in the brains of people
who had not been abused. That’s an epigenetic effect. Epigenetic means on top of,
so that… the epigenetic influence
is what happens… environmentally to either activate
or deactivate certain genes. In New Zealand, there was a study… that was done in a town
called Dunedin… in which a few thousand individuals… were studied from birth into their 20s. What they found was
that they could identify… a genetic mutation,
an abnormal gene… which did have some relation to… the predisposition
to commit violence… but only if the individual had also… been subjected to severe child abuse. In other words,
children with this abnormal gene would… be no more likely to be violent
than anybody else… and, in fact, they actually had
a lower rate of violence… than people with normal genes… as long as they weren’t abused as children. Great additional example
of the ways… in which genes are not
“be all-end all”. A fancy technique where you can… take a specific gene
out of a mouse… and that mouse and its descendants
will not have that gene. You have “knocked out” that gene. So there’s this one gene
that encodes… for a protein
that has something to do… with learning and memory
and with this fabulous demonstration… you “knock out” that gene
and you… have a mouse that doesn’t learn as well. “Oh! A genetic basis for intelligence”! What was much less appreciated
in that landmark study… that got picked up
by the media left and right… is take those genetically
impaired mice… and raise them in a much more enriched stimulating environment
than your normal mice in a lab cage… and they completely overcame that deficit. So, when one says
in a contemporary sense that… “oh, this behavior is genetic”… to the extent that that’s even a valid
sort of phrase to use… what you’re saying is:
There is a… genetic contribution to how this… organism responds to environment, genes may influence the… readiness with which
an organism will… deal with a certain environmental challenge. You know, that’s not the version
most people have in their minds… and not to be too ‘soap-boxing’… but run with the old… version of “It’s genetic”! And it’s not that far from
the history of eugenics… and things of that sort. It’s a widespread misconception… and it’s a potentially fairly dangerous one. One reason that the… sort of biological explanation for violence… one reason that hypothesis is… potentially dangerous,
it’s not just misleading… it can really do harm… is because if you believe that… you could very easily say: “Well, there’s nothing we can do… to change the predisposition… people have to becoming violent, all we can do if somebody become violent
is punish them… lock them up or execute them… but we don’t need to worry about
changing the… social environment
or the social preconditions… that may lead people to become
violent because… that’s irrelevant”. The genetic argument
allows us the luxury of ignoring… past and present historical
and social factors… and in the words of Louis Menand… who wrote in the New Yorker… Very astutely, he said: “It’s all in the genes…
an explanation for the way things are… that does not threaten the way things are. Why should someone feel unhappy or engage in antisocial behavior when that person is living in the freest and most prosperous nation on Earth? It can’t be the system. There must be a flaw
in the wiring somewhere”. Which is a good way of putting it. So, the genetic argument is simply a cop-out which allows us to ignore the social and economic
and political factors… that, in fact, underlie… many troublesome behaviors. Addictions are usually considered to be
a drug-related issue… but looking at it more broadly… I define addiction as any behavior… that is associated with craving… with temporary relief… and with long-term
negative consequences… along with an impairment
of control over it so that the person… wishes to give it up
or promises to do so… but can’t follow through… and when you understand that,
then you can see that… there are many more addictions… than simply those related to drugs. There’s workaholism; addiction to shopping; To the Internet, to video games… There’s the addiction to power.
People that have power but they… want more and more,
nothing is ever enough for them. Acquisition, corporations
that must own more and more. The addiction to oil… or at least to the wealth
and to the products made… accessible to us by oil. Look at the negative consequences
on the environment. We are destroying the very earth
that we… inhabit for the sake of that addiction. Now, these addictions are far more… devastating in their
social consequences… than the cocaine or heroin habit
of my downtown Eastside patients. Yet, they are rewarded
and considered to be respectable. The tobacco company executive
that shows a higher profit… will get a much bigger reward. He doesn’t face any negative consequences
legally or otherwise. In fact he is a respected member of… the board of several other corporations. But, tobacco smoke related diseases… kill 5 and million people
around the world every year. In the United States
they kill 400,000 people a year. And these people are addicted to what?
To profit. To such a degree
that they are addicted… that they are actually in denial… about the impact of their activities… which is typical for addicts, this denial. And that’s a respectable one.
It’s respectable… to be addicted to profit,
no matter what the cost. So, what is acceptable
and what is respectable… is a highly arbitrary phenomenon
in our society… and it seems like
the greater the harm… the more respectable the addiction. There is a general myth that drugs,
in themselves, are addictive. In fact, the war on drugs
is predicated on the… idea that if you interdict the source of… drugs you can deal with addiction that way. Now, if you understand addiction
in the broader sense… we see that nothing in itself is addictive. No substance,
no drug is by itself addictive… and no behavior is by itself addictive. Many people can go shopping
without becoming shopaholics. Not everyone becomes a food addict. Not everyone who drinks a glass of wine
becomes an alcoholic. So the real issue is
what makes people susceptible… because it’s the combination
of a susceptible individual… and the potentially addictive substance
or behavior… that makes for the full flowering
of addiction. In short,
it’s not the drug that’s addictive… it’s the question of the susceptibility
of the individual… to being addicted to a particular substance
or behavior. If we wish to understand what… then makes some people
susceptible… we actually have to look
at the life experience. The old idea,
although it’s old but it’s still… broadly held, that addictions are due
to some genetic cause… is simply scientifically untenable. What the case is actually
is that certain life experiences… make people susceptible. Life experiences
that not only shape the person’s… personality and psychological needs… but also their very brains in certain ways. And that process begins in utero. [Prenatal] It has been shown,
for example… that if you stress mothers
during pregnancy… their children are more likely to have… traits that predispose them
to addictions… and that’s because development
is shaped… by psychological and social environment So the biology of human beings
is very much affected by… and programmed by the life experiences
beginning in utero. Environment does not begin at birth. Environment begins
as soon as you have an environment. As soon as you are a fetus,
you are subject to whatever… information is coming through
mom’s circulations. Hormones, levels of nutrients… A great landmark example of this is… something called the Dutch Hongerwinter. In 1944, Nazis occupying Holland… for a bunch of reasons,
they decide to… take all the food and divert it to Germany, for three months
everybody there was starving. Tens of thousands of people starve to death. What the Dutch hunger winter effect is: If you were a 2nd or 3rd trimester fetus
during the starvation… your body ‘learned’ something
very unique during that time. As it turns out, 2nd and 3rd trimester is
when your body is… going about trying to learn about
the environment: How menacing of a place is it out there? How plentiful?
How much nutrients am I getting… by way of mom’s circulation? Be a fetus who was starving
during that time and your body… programs forever after to be… really, really, really stingy
with your sugar and fat and… what you do is you store every bit of it. Be a Dutch Hunger Winter fetus
and half a century later… everything else being equal… you are more likely to have
high blood pressure… obesity or metabolic syndrome. That is environment coming in
a very unexpected place. You can stress animals in the laboratory
when they’re pregnant… and their offspring will be more… likely to use cocaine and alcohol as adults. You can stress human mothers.
For example, in a British study… women who were abused in pregnancy… will have higher levels of… the stress hormone cortisol
in their placenta at birth… and their children are more likely
to have conditions that… predispose them to addictions by age 7 or 8. So in utero stress
already prepares the gun… for all kinds of mental health issues. An Israeli study done on children… born to mothers
who were pregnant… prior to the onset of the 1967 war… These women, of course,
were very stressed… and their offspring have a higher
incidence of schizophrenia… than the average cohort. So, there is plenty of evidence now
that prenatal… effects have a huge impact
on the developing human being. The point about human development
and… specifically human brain development… is that it occurs mostly
under the impact of the environment… and mostly after birth. Now, if you compare us to a horse… which can run
on the first day of life… we see that we are very undeveloped. We can’t muster that much
neurological coordination… balance, muscle strength,
visual acuity… until a year and a half, two years of age. That’s because the brain development
in the horse… happens in the safety of the womb… and in the human being,
it has to happen after birth… and that has to do with simple
evolutionary logic. As the head gets larger, which is
what makes us into human beings… the burgeoning of the forebrain is… what creates the human species, actually. At the same time, we walk on two legs.
So, our pelvis narrows… to accommodate that.
So now we… have a narrower pelvis,
a larger head… Bingo! We have to be born prematurely. And that means the brain development
that in other animals… occurs in utero… in us, occurs after birth… and much of that under the impact
of the environment. The concept of Neural Darwinism
simply means… that the circuits that get the appropriate
input from the environment… will develop optimally
and the ones that don’t… will either not develop optimally
or perhaps not at all. If you take a child with perfectly
good eyes at birth… and you put him in a dark room
for five years… he will be blind thereafter
for the rest of his life… because the circuits of vision require
light waves for their development… and without that
even the rudimentary… circuit’s present
and active at birth… will atrophy and die
and new ones will not develop. There is a significant way in which… early experiences
shape adult behavior… and even and especially early… experiences for which there is no
recall memory. It turns out that there are
two kinds of memory: there is explicit memory
which is recall… this is when you can call back facts… details, episodes, circumstances. But the structure in the brain
which is called the hippocampus… which encodes recall memory… doesn’t even begin to develop fully
until a year and a half… and it is not fully developed
until much later. Which is why hardly anybody has… any recall memory prior to 18 months. But there is another kind of… memory which is called implicit memory… which is, in fact, an emotional memory… where the emotional impact
and the interpretation the child makes… of those emotional experiences
is ingrained in the brain… in the form of nerve circuits
ready to fire… without specific recall. So to give you a clear example… people who are adopted have a… lifelong sense of rejection very often. They can’t recall the adoption. They can’t recall the separation
of the birth mother… because there’s nothing there
to recall with. But the emotional memory of separation
and rejection… is deeply embedded in their brains. Hence, they are much more likely… to experience a sense of rejection… and a great emotional upset… when they perceive themselves
as being rejected… by other people. That’s not unique to people
who are… adopted
but it is particularly strong in them… because of this function of implicit memory. People who are addicted,
given all the… research literature
and in my experience… the hard-core addicts
virtually were all… significantly abused as children… or suffered severe emotional loss. Their emotional or implicit memories… are those of a world that’s not safe… and not helpful,
caregivers who were not to be trusted… and relationships that are not… safe enough to open up
to vulnerability… and hence their responses tend… to be to keep themselves
separate from… really intimate relationships, not to trust caregivers… doctors and other people
who are trying to help them… and generally see the world
as an unsafe place… and that is strictly a function
of implicit memory… which sometimes has to do with incidents
they don’t even recall. Infants who are born premature
or often in incubators… and various types of gadgetry
and… machinery for weeks and perhaps months, it’s now known that if these… children are touched
and stroked on the back… for just 10 minutes a day
that promotes their brain development. So, human touch is essential
for development… and, in fact, infants who are never
picked up will actually die. That is how much of a fundamental… need being held is to human beings. In our society,
there is an unfortunate tendency… to tell parents not to pick up their kids,
not to hold them… not to pick up babies who are crying
for fear of spoiling them… or to encourage them
to sleep through the night… you don’t pick them up… which is just the opposite
of what the child needs… and these children might go back to sleep
because they give up… and their brains just shut down as a… way of defending against
the vulnerability… of being abandoned really
by their parents… but their implicit memories will be… that of the world that doesn’t give a damn. A lot of these differences
are structured very early in life. In a way, if you like the parental experience
of adversity… how tough life is or how easy it is… is passed on to children… whether through maternal depression… or parents being bad tempered with… their kids because
they have had a hard day… or just being too tired
at the end of the day… and these have very powerful
effects programming… children’s development,
which we know a lot about now… But that early sensitivity isn’t just
an evolutionary mistake. It exists again in many different species. Even in seedlings there’s an early
adaptive process… to the kind of environment
they are growing up in… but for humans, the adaptation
is to the quality of social relations. And so, early life: How nurturing, how much conflict,
how much attention you get… is a taster of the kind of world
you may be growing up in. Are you growing up in a world where… you have to fight for what you can get, watch your back, fend for yourself,
learn not to trust others… or are you growing up in a society
where you depend on… reciprocity, mutuality, cooperation,
where empathy is important… where your security depends on
good relations with other people… and that needs a very different… emotional and cognitive development… and that’s what the early sensitivity
is about… and parenting is almost,
quite unconsciously… a system for passing on
that experience to children… of the kind of world they are in. The great British child psychiatrist,
DW Winnicott, said that fundamentally,
two things can go wrong in childhood. One is when things happen
that shouldn’t happen… and then things
that should happen but don’t. In the first category,
is the dramatic, abusive… and abandonment experiences of my… downtown Eastside patients
and of many addicts. That’s what shouldn’t happen but did. But then there is the non-stressed… attuned, non-distracted attention… of the parent that every child needs… that very often children don’t get. They’re not abused.
They are not neglected… and they’re not traumatized… but what should happen… the presence of the emotionally available
nurturing parent… just is not available to them
because of the… stresses in our society
and the parenting environment. The psychologist Allan Surer calls that
“Proximal Abandonment”… when the parent is physically present… but emotionally absent. I have spent… roughly the last 40 years of my life… working with the most violent of people
our society produces: Murderers, rapists and so on. In an attempt to understand
what causes this violence. I discovered that the most
violent of the criminals in our prisons… had themselves been victims… of a degree of child abuse
that was beyond the scale of… what I ever thought of applying
the term child abuse to. I had no idea of the depth… of the depravity with which children
in our society… are all too often treated. The most violent people I saw
were themselves the survivors… of their own attempted murder
often at the hands of their parents… or other people
in their social environment… or were the survivors of family members
who had been killed… their closest family members,
by other people. The Buddha argued that everything depends
on everything else. He says ‘the one contains the many
and the many contains the one’. That you can’t understand anything
in isolation from its environment. The leaf contains the sun,
the sky and the earth, obviously. This has now been shown to be true,
of course… all around and specifically when it comes
to human development. The modern scientific term for it… is the “bio psycho social” nature
of human development… which says that the biology
of human beings… depends very much
on their interaction with… the social and psychological environment. Specifically, the psychiatrist
and researcher… Daniel Siegel at the University
of California, Los Angeles, UCLA… has coined a phrase
“Interpersonal Neurobiology”… which means to say that the way… that our nervous system functions… depends very much
on our personal relationships. In the first place with the parenting
caregivers and in the… second place with other important
attachment figures in our lives… and in the third-place,
with our entire culture. So that you can’t separate the… neurological functioning
of a human being… from the environment
in which he or she grew up in… and continues to exist in… and this is true throughout the lifecycle. It’s particularly true
when you are… dependent and helpless
when your brain is developing… but it’s true even in adults
and even at the end of life. Human beings have lived in almost
every kind of society. From the most egalitarian…
hunting and gathering societies… seem to have been very egalitarian… for instance, based on food sharing,
gift exchange… Small bands of people living
predominately… off of foraging
and a little bit of hunting… predominantly among people you have… at the least, known your entire life… if not surrounded by third cousins
or closer, in a world in which there is a great… deal of fluidity between different groups, in a world which there is not a… whole lot in terms of material culture… this is how humans have spent
most of their hominid history. And no surprise,
that makes for a very different world. One of the things you get as a result
of that is far less violence. Organized group violence is not… something that occurred at that time… of human history and that seems quite clear. So where did we go wrong? Violence is not universal. It is not symmetrically distributed
throughout the human race. There is a huge variation in the amount
of violence in different societies. There are some societies
that have virtually no violence. There are others that destroy themselves. Some of the Anabaptist religious… groups that are complete strict pacifists… like the Amish, the Mennonites,
the Hutterites… among some of these groups, the Hutterites there are no recorded cases of homicide. During our major wars,
like World War II… where people were being drafted… they would refuse to serve in the military. They would go to prison
rather than serve in the military… In the Kibbutzim in Israel… the level of violence is so low
that the criminal courts there… will often send violent offenders… people who have committed crimes… to live on the Kibbutzim in order to… learn how to live a non-violent life… because that’s the way people live there. So, we are amply shaped by society. Our societies, in the broader sense
including our theological… our metaphysical,
our linguistic influences, etc. our societies help shape us
as to whether or not we think… life is basically about sin or about beauty, whether the afterlife
will carry a price for… how we live our lives or if it’s irrelevant. In a broad sort of way
different large societies could… be termed as individualistic or… collectivist and you get
very different people… and different mindsets and I suspect… different brains coming along with that. We, in America, are in one of the most
individualistic of societies. With capitalism being a system
that allows you to go… higher and higher
up a potential pyramid and… the deal is that it comes with fewer
and fewer safety nets. By definition,
the more stratified a society is… the fewer people you have as peers,
“the fewer people with whom… you have symmetrical,
reciprocal relationships”… and instead, all you have are
differing spots and endless hierarchies… A world in which you have
few reciprocal partners… is a world with a lot less altruism. So, this brings us to a total
impossible juncture which is… to try to make sense
in perspective science… as to what that nature is
of human nature. You know, on a certain level… the nature of our nature is not to be… particularly constrained by our nature. We come up with more social… variability than any species out there. More systems of belief,
of styles of family structures… of ways of raising children.
The capacity… for variety that we have is extraordinary. In a society which is predicated
on competition… and really, very often,
the ruthless exploitation… of one human being by another… the profiteering
off of other people’s problems… and very often the creation of… problems for the purpose
of profiteering… the ruling ideology will very often
justify that behavior… by appeals to some fundamental
and unalterable human nature. So the myth in our society is… that people are competitive
by nature… and that they are individualistic
and that they’re selfish. The real reality is quite the opposite. We have certain human needs. The only way that you can talk about
human nature concretely… is by recognizing that there are
certain human needs. We have a human need for companionship
and for close contact… to be loved, to be attached to,
to be accepted… to be seen, to be received for who we are. If those needs are met,
we develop… into people who are compassionate… and cooperative and who have
empathy for other people. So… the opposite, that we often see in our… society is, in fact,
a distortion of human nature… precisely because so few people
have their needs met. So, yes you can talk about
human nature… but only in the sense
of basic human needs… that are instinctively evoked… or I should say,
certain human needs… that lead to certain traits
if they are met… and a different set of traits
if they are denied. So… when we recognize the fact
that the human organism… which has a great deal
of adaptive flexibility… allowing us to survive
in many different conditions… is also rigidly programmed for
certain environmental requirements… or human needs… a social imperative begins to emerge. Just as our bodies require
physical nutrients… the human brain demands positive forms
of environmental stimulus… at all stages of development… while also needing to be protected… from other negative forms of stimulus. And if things that should happen, do not… or if things that shouldn’t happen, do… it is now apparent that the door
can be opened for not only… a cascade of mental
and physical diseases… but many detrimental
human behaviors as well. So, as we turn our perspective
now outward… and take account
for the state of affairs today… we must ask the question: Is the condition we have created
in the modern world… actually supporting our health? Is the bedrock
of our socioeconomic… system acting as a positive force… for human and social development
and progress? Or, is the foundational gravitation
of our society… actually going against the core
evolutionary requirements… needed to create and maintain… our personal and social well-being? So, one might ask where did this all begin? What we have today…
really a world in a state of… cumulative collapse. You get it started with John Locke. And John Locke introduces property. He has three provisos
for just private right and property. And the three provisos are: There must be enough left over
for others… and that you must not let it spoil… and that you, most of all,
must mix your labor with it. It seems justified…
you mix your labor with the world… then you are entitled to the product and as long as there’s
enough left over for others and as long as it doesn’t spoil… and you don’t allow anything
to go to waste then that’s okay. He spends a long time on this
and his famous treatise of government… and it’s since been the canonical text… for economic and political
and legal understanding. It is still the classic text that’s studied. What he did… after he gives the provisos… and you’re almost thinking at the time
whether you… are for private property or not… he has given a very good
and powerful defense… of private property here… Well, he drops them! He drops them like that.
Right in one sentence. He says, ‘Well,
once the introduction… of money came in by men’s tacit consent… then it became’… and he doesn’t say all the provisos
are canceled or erased… but that’s what happens. So, now we have not… product and your property
earned by your own labor… oh no… money buys labor now. There is no longer consideration… whether there is enough left over
for others, there is no longer consideration
of whether it spoils… because he says money is like… silver and gold
and gold can’t spoil… and therefore money can’t be
responsible for waste… which is ridiculous.
We are not talking about money… and silver, we are talking about
what its effects are. It’s one non sequitur after another. Just the most startling… logical legerdemain
that he gets away with here… but it fits the interests of capital owners. Then Adam Smith comes along
and what he adds… is the religion to this… Locke started
with God made it all this way… this is God’s right… and now we get also with Smith coming on and says ‘it’s not only God’s’… well, he’s not actually saying this but… this is what’s happening philosophically,
in principle… he’s saying that ‘it is not only a question
of private property’… That’s all now ‘presupposed’… It’s Given! And that there’s ‘money investors
that buy labor’ “Given”! There’s no limit to how much they can buy
of other men’s labor… how much they can accumulate,
how much ‘inequality’… that’s all given now. And so he comes along
and what his big idea is… and again it’s just introduced
in parentheses, in passing… You know, when people put out goods
for sale… and others, you know, the supply… and other people buy them…
the demand and so forth… how do we have supply
equaling demand… or demand equaling supply? how can they come into equilibrium? and that is one of the central notions
of economics… is how do they come into equilibrium… and he says: It’s the
“Invisible Hand of the Market”… that brings them into equilibrium. So, now we have “God is actually imminent”. He just didn’t give the rights
to property… and how, you know, all its wherewithal
and its “natural rights”… regarding what Locke said… now we have the system itself as “God”. In fact, Smith says,
when he talks… and you have to read the whole
of the… Wealth of Nations’ to find this quote. He says:
‘The scantiness of subsistence… sets limits to the reproduction
of the poor… and that nature can deal with this
in no other way… than elimination of their children’. So he anticipated evolutionary theory
in the worst sense… this is well before Darwin. And so he called them the
‘Race of Laborers’. So you can see:
There was inherent racism built-in here… there was an inherent exeptance life blindness
to kill… innumerable children… and he thought:
‘That’s the Invisible Hand making supply… meet demand and demand meet supply’. So, see how wise “God” is? So you can see a lot
of the really virulent… life destructive,
eco-genocidal things… that are going on now have, in a way, a ‘thought gene’ back in Smith too. When we reflect
on the original concept of… the so-called
free market capitalist system… as initiated
by early economic philosophers… such as Adam Smith… we see that the original intent
of a “market”… was based around real, tangible,
life supporting goods for trade. Adam Smith never fathomed
that the most… profitable economic sector
on the planet… would eventually be in the arena
of financial trading… or so-called investment… where money itself is simply… gained by the movement
of other money… in an arbitrary game which holds zero productive merit to society. Yet, regardless of Smith’s intent… the door for such seemingly
anomalous advents… was left wide open by one
fundamental tenet of this theory: Money is treated as a Commodity,
in and of itself. Today, in every economy of the world… regardless of the social system
they claim… money is pursued for the sake of money
and nothing else. The underlying idea,
which was mysteriously qualified… by Adam Smith with his
religious declaration of the… ‘Invisible Hand’… is that the narrow,
self-interested pursuit… of this fictional commodity… will somehow magically manifest… human and social well-being and progress. The reality is
that the monetary incentive interest… or what some have termed the
“Money Sequence of Value”… has now completely decoupled
from the foundational… ‘life interest’,
which could be termed the… ‘Life Sequence of Value’. What has happened is
that there is a complete confusion… in economic doctrine… between those two sequences. They think that the Money Sequence
of Value… delivers the Life Sequence of Value… and that’s why they say
if more goods are sold… if GDP’s rise and so forth… there would be more well-being
enhanced well-being… and we could take the GDP
as being our basic layer indicator… of social health… Well, there you see the confusion. It’s talking about
Money Sequences of Value… that is, all the receipts
and all the revenues that are… derived from selling goods… and they’re confusing that
with life reproduction. So, you have built right into this thing
from the beginning… a complete conflation of the money… and life sequences of value. So, we are dealing with a kind
of structured delusion… which becomes more
and more deadly… as the money sequence decouples
from producing… anything at all. So, it’s a system disorder… and the system disorder seems to be fatal. In society today,
you seldom hear anyone speak… of the progress of their country
or society… in terms of their physical well-being,
state of happiness, trust or social stability. Rather, the measures
are presented to us… through economic abstractions. We have the gross domestic product,
the consumer price index, the value of the stock market,
rates of inflation… and so on. But does this tell us anything
of real value… as to the quality of people’s lives? No. All of these measures
have to do with… the money sequence itself and nothing more. For example, the Gross Domestic Product
of a country… is a measure of the value of goods
and services sold. This measure is claimed
to correlate to the… “Standard of living” of a country’s people. In the United States health care
accounted for over… 17% of GDP in 2009… amounting to over 2.5 trillion spent. Hence, creating a positive effect
on this economic measure. And, based on this logic it would be even better
for the US economy… if health care services increased more so… perhaps to 3 trillion dollars…
or 5 trillion… since that would create more growth… more jobs and hence boasted
by economists… as a rise in their country’s
standard of living. But wait a minute. What do health care services
actually represent? Well, sick and dying people. That’s right, the more unhealthy people
there are in America… the better the economy. Now, that is not an exaggeration
or a cynical perspective. In fact, if we step back far enough… you will realize that the GDP not only doesn’t reflect real public
or social health… on any tangible level… it is, in fact, mostly a measure… of industrial inefficiency… and social degradation. And the more you see it
the worse things are becoming… with respect to personal, social… and environmental integrity. You have to create problems
to create profit. There is no profit
under the current paradigm… in saving lives,
putting balance on this planet… having justice and peace or anything else. There is just no profit there. There’s an old saying… “Pass a law and create a business”. Whether you are creating a business
for a lawyer or whatever. So, crime does create… business just like destruction creates… business in Haiti. We have now roughly
2 million people incarcerated… in this country… and of those many are in prisons run… by private corporations: Corrections Corporation of America,
Wackenhut… who trade their stock
on Wall Street… based upon how many people are in jail. Now that’s sickness. But that is a reflection of what… this economic paradigm calls for. So what exactly does this
economic paradigm call for? What is it that keeps
our economic system going? Consumption. Or more accurately…
“Cyclical Consumption”. When we break down the… foundation of classic market
economics… we are left with a pattern
of monetary exchange… that simply cannot be allowed
to stop… or even substantially slowed… if the society as we know it… is to remain operational. There are three main actors
on the economic stage: The employee, the employer… and the consumer. The employee sells labor
to the employer for income. The employer sells its production services,
and hence goods, to the consumer for income… and the consumer, of course,
is simply another role… of the employer and employee… spending back into the system… to enable the cyclical consumption
to continue. In other words,
the global market system is based on… the assumption that there
will always be enough… product demand in a society… to move enough money around
at a rate… which can keep
the consumption process going. And the faster the rate
of consumption… the more so-called economic growth
is assumed… and so the machine goes… But, hold on… I thought an economy was meant to,
I don’t know… “Economize”? Doesn’t the very term
have to do with preservation… and efficiency and a reduction of waste? So how does our system,
which demands consumption… and the more the better,
efficiently preserve… or “Economize” at all? Well… it doesn’t. The intent of the market system is,
in fact, the exact opposite… of what a real economy is supposed to do, which is efficiently
and conservatively orient… the materials for production
and distribution… of life supporting goods. We live on a finite planet,
with finite resources… where, for example,
the oil we utilize took… millions of years to develop… where the minerals we use
took billions of years to develop. So… having a system
that deliberately promotes… the acceleration of consumption… for the sake of so-called
“Economic growth… is pure ecocidal insanity. Absence of waste, that’s what efficiency is. Absence of waste? This system is more wasteful
than all the other… existing systems
in the history of the planet. Every level of life organization
and life system… is in a state of crisis
and challenge… and decay or collapse. No peer-reviewed journal
in the last 30 years… will tell you anything different: That is that every life system
is in decline… as well as social programs… as well as our water access. Try to name any means of life that… isn’t threatened and endangered… You can’t. There really isn’t one and that’s very,
very despairing. But we haven’t even figured out
the causal mechanism. We don’t want to face the causal mechanism. We just want to go on.
You know that’s where insanity is… where you keep doing the same thing
over and over again… even though it clearly doesn’t work. So you’re really… dealing with not an economic system… but I would go so far as to say
an anti-economic system. There is an old saying
that the competitive… market model seeks to… “create the best possible goods
at the lowest possible prices”. This statement is essentially
the incentive concept… which justifies market competition… based on the assumption
that the result… is the production of higher quality goods. If I was going to build myself
a table from scratch… I would naturally build it
out of the best… most durable materials possible, right? With the intent for it to last
as long as possible. Why would I want
to make something poor… knowing I would have to eventually
do it again… and expend more materials and more energy? Well, as rational as that may seem
in the physical world… when it comes to the market world… it is not only explicitly irrational… it is not even an option. It is technically impossible
to produce… the best of anything… if a company is to maintain
a competitive edge… and hence remain affordable to the consumer. Literally everything created
and set for sale… in the global economy
is immediately inferior… the moment it is produced… for it is a mathematical impossibility… to make the most scientifically advanced,
efficient… and strategically sustainable products. This is due to the fact
that the market system… requires that “cost efficiency”… or the need to reduce expenses… exists at every stage of production. From the cost of labor,
to the cost… of materials and packaging and so on. This competitive strategy,
of course… is to make sure
the public buys their goods… rather than from a
competing producer… which is doing the exact same thing… to also make their goods both
competitive and affordable. This immutably wasteful consequence
of the system… could be termed: Intrinsic Obsolescence. However, this is only one part
of a larger problem: A fundamental governing principle
of market economics… one you will not find in any textbook,
by the way… is the following: “Nothing produced can be allowed
to maintain a lifespan… longer than what can be endured… in order to continue
cyclical consumption”. In other words,
it is critical that stuff breakdown, fail and expire
within a certain amount of time. This is termed… “Planned obsolescence”. Planned obsolesce is the backbone
of the underlying market… strategy of every goods producing
corporation in existence. While very few, of course… would admit to such a strategy outright… what they do is mask it within the… Intrinsic Obsolescence phenomenon
just discussed, while often ignoring,
or even suppressing… new advents in technology… which might create a more sustainable,
durable good. So, if it wasn’t wasteful enough… that the system inherently
cannot allow the most… durable and efficient goods to be produced, Planned Obsolescence deliberately… recognizes that the longer
any good is in operation… the worse it is for sustaining
cyclical consumption… and hence the market system itself. In other words,
product sustainability… is actually inverse
to economic growth… and hence there is a direct,
reinforced incentive… to make sure life spans are short… of any given good produced. And, in fact, the system cannot operate
any other way. One glance at the sea of landfills
now spreading across… the world show the obsolescence reality. There are now billions
of cheaply made cell phones… computers and other technology… each full of precious,
difficult to mine materials… such as gold, coltan, copper… now rotting in vast piles… usually due to the mere malfunction
or obsolescence… of small parts which,
in a conservative society… could likely be fixed or updated… and the life of the good extended. Unfortunately,
as efficient as that may seem… in our physical reality, living on a… finite planet with finite resources, it is explicitly inefficient,
with respect to the market. To put into a phrase: “Efficiency, Sustainability, and… Preservation are the enemies
of our economic system”. Likewise, just a physical goods
need to be constantly… produced and reproduced… regardless of their
environmental impact… the service industry operates
with an equal rational. The fact is,
there is no monetary benefit… to resolving any problems… which are currently being serviced. At the end of the day… the last thing the medical establishment
really wants… is the curing of diseases
such as cancer… which would eliminate countless jobs
and trillions in revenue. And since we are on the subject… Crime and Terrorism in this system are good! Well, at least economically… for it is employing police… generating hi-value commodities
for security… not to mention the value of prisons… that are privately owned… for profit. And how about war? The war industry in America
is a huge driver of GDP… one of the most profitable industries… producing weapons of death and destruction. The favorite game of this industry
is to blow things up… and then can go
and rebuild them, for profit. We saw this
with the windfall billion dollar… contracts made from the Iraq war. The bottom line is
that socially negative… attributes of society… have become positively rewarded
ventures for industry… and any interest
in problem resolution… or environmental sustainability
and conservation… is intrinsically counter
to economic sustainability. And this is why every time you see the GDP rise
in any country… you are witnessing
an increase in necessity… whether real or contrived… and by definition,
a necessity is rooted in inefficiency. Hence, increased necessity means
increased inefficiency. [Value System Disorder] The American dream is based on… the rampant consumerism. It is based upon the fact that… mainstream media and… especially commercial advertising… all corporations
who need this infinite growth… have convinced us
or brainwashed… most people in America
and hence the world… that we have to have X number
of material possessions… and the possibility
of gaining infinitely more… material possessions, in order to be happy. That’s just not true. So why do people
continue to buy in this way… which is ultimately eco-genocidal… in its systemic effects cumulatively? And it just is classical
operant conditioning. You simply put inputs
of conditioning into the organism… and you have outputs
of desired behaviors… or goals or objectives. And it has all the resources
of technology… and they boast about how they… get into the minds of infants… what they hear
is already making them… conditioned to the brand. Then you see, that’s how… people have been such fools. They have been taught to be fools. It’s a value system disorder. You know, if there is any testament
to the plasticity… of the human mind. If there is any proof
to how malleable… human thought is and how easily… conditioned and guided people
can become… based on the nature
of their environmental stimulus… and what it reinforces: The world of commercial advertising
is the proof. You have to stand in awe… at the level of brainwashing… where these programmed robots
known as “consumers”… wander the landscape… only to walk into a store and spend,
say… 4000 dollars on a handbag… that likely cost 10 dollars to make in a sweatshop overseas. Only for the brand status
it supposedly… represents in the culture. Or perhaps the ancient
communal traditions… which increase trust
and cohesiveness in society… which have now been hijacked
by acquisitive… materialistic values
where now annually we… exchange useless crap a few times a year. And we might wonder why
so many today have a… compulsion to shopping
and acquisition… when it is clear that they have
conditioned from childhood… to expect material goods… as a sign of their status
with friends and family. The fact is, the foundation
of any society… are the values that support
its operation… and our society, as it exists… can only operate if our values support… the conspicuous consumption it… requires to continue the market system. 75 years ago consumption in America… and much of the 1st world was half… of what we see today, per person. Today’s new consumer culture… has been manufactured
and imposed… due to the very real need for higher… and higher levels of consumption. And this is why most corporations
now spend… more money on advertising,
than the actual process… of product creation itself. They work diligently to create
a false need for you to fill. And it happens to work. You know economists, in fact,
are not economists at all. They’re propagandists of money value… and you will find that all of their… models basically get down to token… exchanges that are true to profit… of one side or both sides
or whatever… but they are completely disconnected
from the actually… existing world of reproduction. In Ohio, an old man failed to pay
his electric bill… you may be familiar with the case… and the electric company turned off
the electricity and he died. The reason they turned it off was… because it wouldn’t have been profitable… for them to keep it on
because he didn’t pay his bill. Do you believe that was right? The responsibility really lies not on… the electric company for turning it off… but on those of this man’s
neighbors and friends… and associates… who were not charitable enough… to enable him, as an individual… to meet the electric bill. HMMMMMM… Did I hear that right? Did he just say the death of a man… caused by not having money… was the responsibility of… other people… or, in effect, charity? Well then,
I guess we’re gonna need… a whole lot of infomercials,
little miserable… coin slot donations
for bodega counters… and a bunch of pickle jars… for the billion people
now starving to death… on this planet… because of the very system
Milton Friedman promotes. Whether you are dealing with
the philosophies of… Milton Friedman, F.A. Hyack… John Maynard Keynes,
Ludwig von Mises… or any other
major market economist… the basis of rationale… rarely leaves the money sequence. It is like a religion. Consumption analysis, stabilization policies deficit spending, aggregate demand… it exists as a never ending,
self-referring… self-rationalizing circle
of discourse… where universal human need,
natural resources… and any form of physical
life supporting efficiency… is ruled out by default… and replaced by the singular notion
that humans… seeking advantage over each other
for money alone… motivated by their own,
narrow self-interest… will magically create a sustainable,
healthy, balanced society. There is no life coordinate
in this whole theory… this whole doctrine. What are they doing? What they are doing is
tracking the money sequences. That’s all it is,
is tracking money sequences presupposing everything that matters. One: There is no life coordinates… whoa… no life coordinates! Two: That all the agents are… self-maximizing preferences seekers. That is, they think of nothing other
than themselves… and what they can get most for themselves. That’s the ruling notion of rationality: self-maximizing choice… and the only thing that they are
interested in self-maximizing… is money or commodities. Well, where does social relations come in? It doesn’t, except in the exchange
to self-maximize. Where do our natural resources come in? They don’t, except to exploit. Where does the family come in
as being able to survive? It doesn’t. They have to have… money in order to purchase any good. Well, shouldn’t an economy… deal somewhere with human need? Isn’t that what the fundamental issue is
to satisfy human needs? Oh, “need” isn’t even in your lexicon. You dissolve it into “wants”… and what is a want?
That means… money demand that wants to buy. Well, if it’s money demand
that wants to buy… it has nothing to do with need… because maybe the person
has no money demand… and desperately needs, say, water supply. Or, it may be money demand
wants a gold toilet seat. Well, where does it all go? To the gold toilet seat. And you call this economics? Really, when one thinks of it… it’s got to be the most bizarre… delusion in the history of human thought. Now… so far we have focused
on the market system. But this system is actually only… half of the global economic paradigm. The other half is the “Monetary System”. While the Market System deals with
the interaction of people… gaming for profit across the spectrum
of labor… production and distribution… the Monetary System is an underlying
set of policies… set by financial institutions… which create conditions for the… market system, among other things. It includes terms we often hear… such as interest rates, loans, debt,
the money supply… inflation, etc. And while you might
want to pull your hair out listening… to the gibberish coming from
the monetary economists: “Modest preemptive actions,
can obviate the need… of more drastic actions, at a later date”. the nature and effect of this… system is actually quite simple: Our economy has… or the global economy has… three basic things that govern it. One is fractional reserve banking… the banks printing money out of nothing. It’s also based upon compound interest. When you borrow money,
you have to pay back more… than you borrowed,
which means that you, in effect… create money out of thin air… again, which has to be serviced
by creating still more money. We live in an infinite growth paradigm. The economic paradigm we live in now
is a Ponzi scheme. Nothing grows forever. It’s not possible. As a great psychologist
James Hillman wrote… “The only thing that grows
in the human body after… a certain age is cancer”. It’s not just the amount of money
that has to keep growing… it’s the amount of consumers. Consumers to borrow money
at interest… to generate more money and obviously,
that’s not possible… on a finite planet. People are basically vehicles
to just create money… which must create more money… to keep the whole thing
from falling apart… which is what’s happening right now. There are really only two things
anyone needs to know… about the monetary system: 1: All money is created out of debt. Money is monetized debt… whether it materialized
from treasury bonds… home loan contracts or credit cards. In other words,
if all outstanding debt… was to be repaid right now… there would not be
one dollar in circulation. And 2: Interest is charged
on virtually all loans made… and the money needed to pay back
this interest… does not exist in the money supply outright. Only the principal is created
by the loans… and the principal is the money supply. So, if all this debt
was to be repaid right now… not only would there not be
one dollar left in circulation… there would be a gigantic amount
of money owed… that is literally impossible to pay back,
for it does not exist. The consequence of all of this is
that two things are inevitable: Inflation… and Bankruptcy. As far as inflation,
this can be seen as a historical trend… in virtually every country today… and easily tied to its cause… which is the perpetual increase
of the money supply… which is required… to cover the interest charges
and keep the system going. As far as Bankruptcy… it comes in the form of debt collapse. This collapse will inevitably occur
with a person… a business or a country… and typically happens
when the interest payments… are no longer possible to make. But there is a bright side to all of this… well, at least in terms
of the market system… Because debt creates pressure… Debt creates wage slaves. A person in debt is much more likely
to take a low wage… than a person who isn’t… hence becoming
a cheap commodity… so it’s great for corporations
to have a pool of people… that have no financial mobility. But, hey… that same drain of thought
also goes for entire countries… the World Bank and the
International Monetary Fund… which mostly serve as proxies for… transnational corporate interests… give gigantic loans
to troubled countries… at very high interest rates… and then,
once the countries are… deeply in the hole
and can’t pay… austerity measures are applied… the corporations swoop in… set up sweatshops
and take their natural resources. Now that’s market efficiency. But wait, there’s more: You see, there’s this unique… hybrid of the monetary
and market system… called the stock market… which rather than, you know,
actually produce anything real… they just buy and sell money itself. And when it comes to debt,
you know what they do? That’s right, they trade it. They actually buy and sell debt for profit. From credit default swaps… and collateralized debt obligations
for consumer debt… to complex derivative schemes
used… to mask the debt of entire countries… such as the collusion of… investment bank Goldman Sachs
and Greece… which nearly collapsed
the entire European economy. So when it comes to the stock market
and Wall Street we have an entirely new level
of insanity… born out of the Money Sequence of value. All you need to know about markets… was written in an editorial
in the Wall Street Journal… a couple years ago… it was called
‘Lessons of the Brain-Damaged Investor”. And in this editorial,
they explained why… people with slight brain damage… do better as investors… than people with normal brain functionality. Why? Because the slightly… brain-damaged person has no empathy. That’s the key.
If you don’t have any empathy… you do well as an investor… and so Wall Street breeds people
who have no empathy. To go in there and to make decisions… and to make trades
they have no compunction about… no thought whatsoever as to how
what they are doing… might affect their fellow human being. So they breed these robots. These people who have no souls… and since they don’t even want to pay
these people anymore… they are now breeding robots…
“real robots”… real algorithmic traders. Goldman Sachs in the high frequency
trading scandal: They put a computer next to
the New York Stock Exchange. This computer, this “co-located” computer,
as they call it: It front-runs all the trades
on the exchange and… hits the exchange
with volumes of orders… in ways that “scalp”… pennies and nickels away from the exchange. It’s like they’re siphoning money
all day long. They went one quarter
last year, 30… or 60 straight days
without a single down day… and made millions of dollars
every single day? That statistically impossible! When I worked on Wall Street,
the way it works is… everyone kicks upstairs to bribes. The brokers bribe
to the office manager… the office manager bribes
to the regional sales manager. The regional sales manager… bribes to the national sales manager. It’s a common understanding. At Christmas,
who gets the biggest bonus at Christmas… in an average broker job?
The compliance officer. The compliance officer
sits there all day long, he’s supposed to be
making sure you… don’t violate any
of the margin rules… and you’re “complying” with the law. Of course, yeah,
to the extent that… you can bribe
the compliance officer… yeah, that’s right,
you are complying with the law! So how has fraud become the system? It’s no longer a byproduct. It is the system. It’s like that old Woody Allen joke.
He says: “Doctor, my brother thinks he’s a chicken”. And the doctor says, “Take a pill… and that should cure the problem”. And he says, “No doctor.
You don’t understand… We need the eggs”. Okay? So, the trading of fraudulent claims
back and forth… between banks… to generate fees… to generate bonuses… has become the GDP producing growth… engine of the United States economy… even though they are essentially
trading fraudulent claims… that there is absolutely no hope
of ever paying back. They are processing, generating
and re-securitizing nothing. If I write 20 billion dollars
on a cocktail napkin… and I sell it to J.P. Morgan
and J.P. Morgan writes… 20 billion dollars
on a cocktail napkin and we swap those 2 cocktail napkins
at a bar… and we each pay ourselves
a quarter of 1% in a fee… we make a lot of money
for our Christmas bonus. We each have on our books
a 20 billion dollar cocktail napkin… which has no real value
until such time as… the system is no longer able
to absorb bogus… cocktail napkins in which case
we go to the government… to get bailed out. And because of Wall street
and the global stock market… there are now conservatively
about 700 Trillion dollars… of outstanding fraudulent claims… know as derivatives… still waiting to collapse. A value amounting to over 10… times the gross domestic product… of the entire planet. And while we have seen
the bailouts of… corporations and banks by governments… which, of course, comically borrow… their money from banks to begin with. We are now seeing attempts
to bailout whole countries… by conglomerates of other countries… through the International banks. But how do you bailout a planet? There is no country out there
that isn’t now saturated in debt. The cascade of sovereign
debt defaults we have seen… can only be the beginning,
when the math is taken into account. It has been estimated
in the United States alone… that income tax would need
to be raised to 65%… per person just to cover the interest
in the near future. Economists are now foreshadowing
that within a few decades… 60% of the countries on the planet
will be bankrupt. But hold on… Let me get this straight. The world is going bankrupt… whatever the hell that means… because of this idea called “debt”… which doesn’t even exist
in the physical reality. It’s only part of a game we’ve invented… and yet the well being
of billions of people… is now being compromised. Extreme layoffs… tent cities…
accelerating poverty… Austerity measures imposed…
schools shutting down… child hunger… and other levels
of familial deprivation… all because of this elaborate fiction… What are we, fucking stupid?! Hey! Hey! Mars- my man. Help a brother out, uh? Grow up, kid. Saturn! What’s up man? You remember that smokin’ nebula
I hooked you up with… a while back? Uh… listen Earth. We’re getting really tired of you. You’ve been given everything
and yet you waste it all. You’ve got plenty of resources
and you know it. Why don’t you grow up and learn… some responsibility for Christ’s sake. You’re making your mother miserable. You’re on your own, pal. Yeah, whatever. Now, all of this considered… from the waste machine
known as the market system… to the debt machine known as
the monetary system… hence creating
the monetary-market paradigm… which defines the global economy today… there is one consequence
that runs through… the entire machine: Inequality. Whether it is market system
which creates a natural… gravitation towards monopoly
and power consolidation… while also generating pockets
of wealthy industries… that tower over others… regardless of utility… such as the fact that top… hedge fund managers
on wall street… now take home over
300 million dollars a year… for contributing literally nothing. While a scientist looking
for a cure for a disease… trying to help humanity… might make 60 thousand dollars
a year if they’re lucky. Or whether it is the monetary system… which has class division built
right into its structure. For example: If I have 1 million dollars to spare
and I put it into a CD… at 4% interest… I will make 40,000 dollars a year. No social contribution, no nothing. However, if I’m a lower class person
and have to take loans… to buy my car or home… I am paying in interest which… in abstraction… is going to pay that millionaire
with the 4% CD. This stealing from the poor
to pay the rich… is a foundational, built in aspect
of the monetary system. And it could be labeled
“Structural Classism”. Of course, historically,
social stratification… has always been deemed unfair… but obviously accepted overall… as now 1% of the population
owns 40% of the planet’s wealth. But material fairness aside… there is something else going on… underneath the surface
of inequality… causing an incredible deterioration
in public health as a whole. Well, I think people often are puzzled
by the contrast… between the material success
of our societies… unprecedented levels
of wealth… and the many social failings. You know, if you look at the rates of… drug abuse or violence or self harm… amongst kids or mental illness… there is clearly something
going deeply wrong… with our societies. The data I have been describing does… is simply shows that intuition
that people… have had for hundreds of years,
that inequality is divisive… and socially corrosive. But, that intuition is truer
than I think we ever imagined. There are very powerful psychological
and social effects… of inequality. More to do I suppose
with feelings… of superiority and inferiority. That kind of division… Maybe going with the respect
or disrespect… people feeling looked down on
at the bottom… which, by the way,
is why violence is… more common in more
unequal societies… the trigger to violence is so often
people feeling looked down… upon and disrespected. If there is one principle
I could emphasize… that is, the most important principle
underlying… the prevention of violence… it would be “Equality”. The single most significant factor… that affects the rate of violence… is the degree of equality versus
the degree of inequality… in that society. So, what we’re looking at
is a sort of… general social dysfunction. It’s not just one or two things
that go wrong… as inequality increases… it seems to be everything,
whether we are talking about… crime or health or mental illness
or whatever. One of the really disturbing
findings out there in public health… is never ever make the mistake
of being poor. Or being born poor. Your health pays for it
in endless sorts of ways: Something known as the
‘health socioeconomic gradient’. As you move down
from the highest strata… in society,
in terms of socioeconomic status… every step down, health gets worse… for umpteen different diseases. Life expectancy gets worse. Infant mortality rate… everything you could look at. So, a huge issue has been… why is it that this gradient exists. Totally a simple obvious answer… which is, ‘if you’re chronically sick,
you’re not… going to be very productive… so, health causes
drive socioeconomic differences’. Not that in the slightest… on the very simple level that… you could look at the… socioeconomic status
of a 10-year-old… and that’s going to predict
something about their health… decades later. So, that’s the direction of causality. Next one… what’s it about?
‘Oh, it’s perfectly obvious’… poor people can’t afford
to go to the doctor… it’s healthcare access? It’s got nothing to do with that… because you see
these same gradients… in countries with universal health care
and… socialized medicine. Okay, next ‘simple explanation’. Oh, on the average…
the poorer you are… the more likely
you are to smoke… and drink and all sorts
of lifestyle risk factors. Yeah, those contribute
but careful studies have shown… that it explains maybe about
a third of the variability. So what’s left? What’s left is
having a ton to do… with the sress of poverty… So, the poorer you are,
starting off being… the person who is one dollar of income
behind Bill Gates… the poorer you are in this country… on the average, the worse your health is. This tells us something really important: The health connection
with poverty… it’s not about being poor
it’s about feeling poor. Increasingly we recognize
that chronic stress… is an important influence
on health… but the most important sources
of stress… are the quality of social relations. and if there is anything that… lowers the quality
of social relations… it is the socioeconomic
stratification of society. What science has now shown is… that regardless of material wealth… the stress of simply living
in a stratified society… leads to a vast spectrum
of public health problems… and the greater the inequality,
the worse they become. Life expectancy:
Longer in more equal countries. Drug Abuse: Less in more equal countries. Mental Illness:
Less in more equal countries. Social Capital, meaning the… ability of people to trust each other: Naturally greater in more equal countries. Educational Scores:
Higher in more equal countries. Homicide rates:
Less in more equal countries. Crime and Rates of Imprisonment: Less in more equal countries. It goes on and on: Infant mortality “obesity”…
teen birth rate: Less in more equal countries. And perhaps most interesting: Innovation:
Greater in more equal countries. Which challenges the age old notion
that a competitive… stratified society is somehow
more creative and inventive. Moreover, a study done in the UK… called The WhiteHall Study… confirmed that there is a
social distribution of disease… as you go from the top
of the socioeconomic ladder… to the bottom. For example, it was found
that the lowest rungs… of the hierarchy
had a 4-fold increase… of heart disease based mortality… compared to the highest rungs. And this pattern exists,
irrespective of access to health care. Hence, the worse a person’s
relative financial status… the worse their health
is going to be on average. This phenomenon is rooted
in what could be termed… ‘Psychosocial Stress’… and it is at the foundation
of the greatest social distortions… plaguing our society today. Its cause? The Monetary-Market System. Make no mistake: The greatest destroyer of ecology… the greatest source of waste and
depletion and pollution… the greatest purveyor of violence… war… crime… poverty…
animal abuse and inhumanity… the greatest generator
of social and personal neurosis… mental disorders… depression anxiety… Not to mention, the greatest source
of social paralysis… stopping us from moving
into new methodologies… for personal health,
global sustainability… and progress on this planet… is not some corrupt Government
or legislation… not some rogue Corporation
or banking cartel… not some flaw of human nature… and not some secret hidden cabal
that controls the world. It is, in fact: The Socio-Economic System itself… at its very foundation. Let’s imagine for a moment
we had the option… to redesign human civilization
from the ground up. What if, hypothetically speaking… we discovered an exact replica
of the planet Earth… and the only difference between… this new planet and our current one… is that human evolution had not occurred. It was an open palette. No countries, no cities, no pollution
no republicans… just a pristine, open environment. So what would we do? Well, first we need a “goal”, right? And it’s safe to say
that goal would be to survive. And not to just survive,
but to do so in an optimized, healthy… prosperous way. Most people, indeed,
desire to live and… they would prefer to do so
without suffering. Therefore,
the basis of this civilization… needs to be as supportive
and hence… sustainable for human life as possible… taking into account the material needs… of all the world’s people… while trying to remove anything… that can could hurt us in the long run. That goal of say
“Maximum Sustainability” understood… next question regards our “method”. What kind of approach do we take? Well, let’s see… last I checked, politics was the method
of social operation on Earth… so what do the doctrines
of the republicans, liberals… conservatives or socialists
have to say about societal design? Hmmm… not a damn thing. Okay then… what about religion? Surely the great creator had to have left
some blueprints somewhere… Nope… nothing I can find. Okay then, so what’s left? It appears something called “Science”. Science is unique in that its methods
demand not only that ideas… proposed be tested and replicated… but everything science comes up with
is also inherently falsifiable. In other words,
unlike religion and politics… science has no ego… and everything it suggests
accepts the possibility… of being proven wrong eventually. It holds on to nothing
and evolves constantly. Well, that sounds natural enough to me. So then, based on the current state
of scientific knowledge… in the early 21st century… along with our goal of
“maximum sustainability”… for the human population… how do we begin the actual process
of construction? Well, the first question to ask: What do we need to survive? The answer, of course,
are Planetary Resources. Whether it is the water we drink,
the energy we use… or the raw materials we utilize
to create tools and shelter… the planet hosts an inventory
of resources… many of which are demanded for our survival. So, given that reality… it then becomes critical to figure out
what we have and where it is. This means we need to conduct a survey. We simply locate and identify
every physical resource on the planet, we can, along with the amount
available at each location… from the deposits of copper,
to the most potent locations for… wind farms to produce energy… to the natural fresh water springs… to an assessment of the amount
of fish in the ocean… to the most prime arable land
for food cultivation, etc. But, since we humans are going to be… consuming these resources over time… we then realize that not only do we need
to locate and identify… we also need to track. We need to make sure we don’t run out
of any of this stuff… that would be bad. And this means not only tracking
our rates of use… but the rates of earthly regeneration
as well… such as how long it takes for, say… a tree to grow or a spring to replenish. This is called “Dynamic Equilibrium”. In other words, if we use up trees faster
than they can be grown back… we have a serious problem,
for it is unsustainable. So then, how do we track
this inventory… especially when we recognize that all… of this stuff is scattered everywhere. We have large mineral mines
in what we call Africa… energy concentrations
in the Middle East… huge tidal power possibilities
on the Atlantic coast of North America… the largest supply of fresh water
in Brazil, etc. Well, once again, good old science
has a suggestion: It’s called “Systems theory”. Systems theory recognizes that the fabric
of the natural world… from human biology
to the earthly biosphere… to the gravitational pull
of the solar system itself… is one huge synergistically
connected system, fully interlinked. Just as human cells connect
to form our organs… and the organs connect
to form our bodies… and since our bodies cannot live
without the earthy resources… of food, air and water, we are intrinsically
connected to the earth. And so on. So, as nature suggests,
we take all of this inventory… and tracking data and create a “system”
to manage it. A “Global Resource Management System”,
in fact to account for every
relevant resource on the planet. There is simply no logical alternative
if our goal as a species… is survival in the long run.
We have to keep track as a whole. That understood, we can now
consider production. How do we use all this stuff? What will our process of production be
and what do we need… to consider to make sure
it is as optimized as possible… to maximize our sustainability? Well the first thing that jumps
right out at us is the fact that… we need to constantly try and preserve. The planet’s resources
are essentially finite. So it is important
that we be “strategic”. “Strategic Preservation” is key. The second thing we recognize
is that some resources… are really not as good as others
in their performance. In fact, some of this stuff,
when put into use… has a terrible effect
of the environment… which invariably hinders our own health. For example: oil and fossil fuels,
no matter how you cut it… release some pretty destructive agents
into the environment. Therefore, it is critical that we do
our best to use such things… only when we really have to… if at all. Fortunately for us, we see a ton
of solar… wind… tidal… wave… heat differential and geothermal
possibilities for energy production… so we can strategize objectively
about what we use and where… to avoid what could be called,
“negative retroactions”… or anything that results
from production or use… that damages the environment
and hence, ourselves. We will call this “Strategic Safety”… to couple in with our
“Strategic Preservation”. But production strategies do not stop there. We are going to need an
“Efficiency Strategy”… for the actual mechanics
of production itself. And what we find is
that there are roughly… three specific protocols we must adhere to: One:
Every good we produce must be… designed to last as long as possible. Naturally,
the more things breakdown… the more resources we are going to need
to replace them… and the more waste produced. Two:
When things do break down… or are no longer usable
for whatever reason… it is critical that we harvest,
or recycle as much as we possibly can. So the production design
must take this into… account directly
at the very earliest stages. Three: Quickly evolving technologies,
such as electronics… which are subject to the fastest rates
of technological obsolescence… would need to be designed to… foreshadow and accommodate physical updates. The last thing we want to do is
throw away an entire computer… system just because it has only one
broken part or is outdated. So we simply design the components
to be easily updated… part by part, standardized
and universally interchangeable… foreshadowed by the current trend
of technological change. And when we realize that the mechanisms
of “Strategic Preservation”… “Strategic Safety”
and “Strategic Efficiency”… are purely technical considerations… devoid of any human opinion
or bias… we simply program these strategies
into a computer… which can weigh and calculate
all the relevant variables… allowing us to always arrive
at the… absolute best method
for sustainable production… based on current understandings. And while that might sound complex… all it is is a glorified calculator… not to mention that such multi-varied… decision making and monitoring systems… are already used
across the world today… for isolated purposes.
It is simply a process of scaling it out. So… Now, we not only have our
Resource Management System… but also a
Production Management System… both of which are easily
computer automated… to maximize efficiency,
preservation and safety. The informational reality is
that the human mind… or even a group of humans, cannot track
what needs to be tracked. It must be done by computers and it can be. And this bring us to the next level:
Distribution. What sustainability strategies
make sense here? Well, since we know that the shortest… distance between two points
is a straight line and since energy is required
to power transport machines… the less transport distance,
the more efficient. Producing goods in one continent
and shipping them over to another… only makes sense if the goods
in question simply cannot… be produced in the target area. Otherwise, it is nothing but wasteful. We must localize production,
so distribution is simple… fast and requires
the least amount of energy. We’ll call this the “Proximity Strategy”… which simply means we reduce the… travel of goods as much as possible… whether raw materials
or finished consumer products. Of course,
it might also be important to… know what goods
are we transporting and why… And this falls under the category of Demand. And demand is simply
what people need to be… healthy and to have a high quality of life. The spectrum
of material human needs… range from core life supporting
necessities… such as food, clean water and shelter… to social and recreational goods
which allow for relaxation… and personal… social enjoyment… both important factors in human
and social health overall. So… very simply… we take another survey. People describe their needs,
demand is… assessed and production begins
based on that demand. And since the level of demand
of different goods will… naturally fluctuate and change around
different regions… we need to create a “Demand and
Distribution Tracking System”… so to avoid overruns and shortages. Of course, this idea is old news… it is used in every major
store chain today… to make sure they keep up
with their inventory. Only this time, we are tracking
on a global scale. But wait a minute. We really can’t fully
understand demand… if we don’t account for the actual usage
of the good itself. Is it logical and sustainable
for every single human to, say… have one of everything made?
Regardless of their usage? No. That would be simply wasteful
and inefficient. If a person has a need for a good
but that need is only for say: 45 minutes a day on average… it would be much more efficient if… that good was made available to them… and to others when needed. Many forget that it isn’t the good
they want… it is the purpose of that good. When we realize that the good itself… is only as important as its utility… we see that “external restriction”… or what we might call today “ownership”… is extremely wasteful
and environmentally illogical… in a fundamental, economic sense. So we need devise a strategy called:
“Strategic Access”. This would be the foundation
of our… “Demand Distribution Tracking System”. which makes sure we can meet the… demand of the population’s needs… for access of whatever they need,
when they need it. And as far as physically obtaining
the goods… centralized and regional access… centers all make sense
for the most part… placed in close proximity
to the population… and a person would simply come in,
take the item… use it and when finished, return it
when it there’s no longer needed… sort of how a library works today. In fact, these centers could not only
exist in… the community in the way
we see local stores today… but specialized access centers
would exist in specific areas… where often certain goods
are utilized… saving more energy
with less repeat transport. And once this Demand Tracking System
is in order… it is tied into our
Production Management System… and, of course, into our
Resource Management System… hence creating a unified
dynamically updating… global economic
management machine… that simply makes sure
we remain sustainable… starting with securing the integrity
of our finite resources… moving to make sure
we only create the best… most strategic goods possible… while distributing everything
in the… most intelligent and efficient way. And the unique result
of this preservation based approach… which is intuitively counter
to many… is that this logical, ground up… empirical process of preservation
and efficiency… which can only define true human
sustainability on this planet… would likely enable something
never before seen in human history. Access Abundance… not just for a percentage
of the global population… but the entire civilization. This economic model,
as was just generalized… This responsible,
systems approach to total Earth… resource management and processes… designed again to do nothing less… than take care of humanity as whole… in the most efficient
and sustainable way… could be termed: a “RESOURCE-BASED ECONOMY”. The idea was defined
in the 1970s by… Structural Engineer… Jacque Fresco. He understood back then that society
was on a collision course… with nature and itself…
unsustainable on every level… and if things didn’t change… we would destroy ourselves,
one way or another. Are all of these things
you are saying, Jacque… could they be built with what we know today? Or are you guessing…
based on what we know today. No, all of these things can be built
with what we know today. It would take 10 years to change
the surface of the earth. The rebuild of world into
a second Garden of Eden. The choice lies with you. The stupidity of a nuclear arms race… the development of weapons… trying to solve your problems
politically… by electing this political party
or that political party… that all politics is immersed in corruption. Let me say it again: Communism, socialism, fascism…
the Democrats… the liberals…
we want to absorb human beings. All organizations that believe
in a better life for man: there are no Negro problems
or Polish problems… or Jewish problems
or Greek problems… or women’s problems…
there are human problems! I’m not afraid of anybody,
I don’t work for anyone, no one can discharge me. I have no boss. I am afraid to live in the society
we live in today. Our society cannot be maintained
by this type of incompetency. It was great, the free
enterprise system… about 35 years ago.
That was the last of its usefulness. Now, we have got to change our way
of thinking or perish. The horror movies of the future
will be our society… the way it didn’t work… and politics… would be part of a horror movie. Well, lots of people today
use the term ‘cold science’ because it’s analytical… and they don’t even know
what analytical means. Science means:
Closer approximations… to the way the world really works. So, it’s telling the truth…
is what it is… A scientist doesn’t try to get
along with people. They tell them what their findings are. They have to question all things… and if some scientist comes up
with an experiment that shows… certain materials
have certain strengths… other scientists have to be able
to duplicate… that experiment
and come up with the same results. Even if a scientist feels
that an airplane wing… due to mathematics or calculations… can hold up a given amount of weight… they still pile sandbags on it… to see when it breaks and they say… you know my calculations are right
or they are not correct’. I love that system
because it’s free of bias… and free of thinking that math
can solve all the problems. You have to put your Math to test also. I think that every system that can… be put to test should be put to test. And that all decisions should be based
upon research. A Resource-Based Economy
is simply the… scientific method applied
to social concern… an approach utterly absent
in the world today. Society is a technical invention. And the most efficient methods
of optimized human health… physical production, distribution,
city infrastructure and the like… reside in the field of science and… technology… not politics
or monetary economics. It operates in the same systematic way as,
say an airplane… and there is no Republican or Liberal way
to build an airplane. Likewise, nature itself is the… physical referent we use
to prove our science… and it is a set system… emerging only from our increased
understanding of it. In fact, it has no regard
for what you… subjectively think or believe to be true. Rather, it gives you an option: You can learn and fall in line with its… natural laws
and conduct yourself accordingly… invariably creating good health
and sustainability… or you can go against the current…
to no avail. It doesn’t matter how much
you believe you can just… stand up right now
and walk on the wall next to you… the law of gravity will not allow it. If you do not eat…
you will die. If you are not touched as an infant…
you will die. As harsh as it may sound,
nature is a dictatorship… and we can either listen to it
and come in harmony with it… or suffer the inevitable
adverse consequences. So, a Resource-Based Economy
is nothing more… than a set of proven,
life supporting understandings… where all decisions are based upon… optimized human
and environmental sustainability. It takes into account the empirical
“Life Ground”… which every human being shares
as a need… regardless, again, of their political
or religious philosophy. There is no cultural relativism
to this approach. It isn’t a matter of opinion. Human needs are human needs… and having access to the
necessities of life, such as clean air… nutritious food and clean water… along with a positively reinforcing,
stable… nurturing and non-violent environment,
is demanded… for our mental and physical health… our evolutionary fitness… and hence, the species survival itself. A Resource-Based Economy… would be based upon available resources. You can’t just bring a lot of people
to an island… or build a city of 50,000 people
without having access… to the necessities of life. So, when I use the term
‘a comprehensive systems approach’… I’m talking about doing an inventory
of the area first… and determining what that area can supply… not just architectural approach… not just design approach… but design must be based
on all of the requirements… to enhance human life… and that’s what I mean by
an integrated way of thinking. Food, clothing, shelter, warmth, love… All those things are necessary… and if you deprive people
of any of them… you have a lesser human being,
less capable of functioning. As previously outlined, a
Resource-Based Economy’s ground up… global, systems approach to extraction,
production and distribution… is based upon on a set of true
economic mechanisms, or ‘strategies’… which guarantee efficiency and… sustainability in every area of the economy. So, continuing this train of thought
regarding logical design… what is next in our equation? Where does all this materialize? Cities. The advent of the city is a defining feature
of modern civilization. Its role is to enable efficient access
to the necessities of life… along with increased social support
and community interaction. So how would we go about
designing an ideal city? What shape should we make it? Square? Trapezoid? Well, given we are going to be
moving around the thing… we might as well make it as
equidistant as possible for ease… hence the circle. What should the city contain? Well, naturally we need a residential area,
a goods production area… a power generation area,
an agricultural area. But we also need nurturing as human beings,
hence culture… nature, recreation and education. So lets include a nice open park… an entertainment events area
for cultural purposes and socializing… and educational and research facilities. And since we are working with a circle it seems rational to place
these functions in Belts… based on the amount
of land required for each goal… along with ease of access. Very good. Now, let’s get down to specifics: First we need the consider
the core… infrastructure or intestines
of the city organism. These would be the water, goods… waste and energy transport channels. Just as we have water and sewage systems
under our cities today… we would extend
this channeling concept to… integrate waste recycling
and delivery itself. No more mailmen or garbage men. It is built right in.
We could even use… automated pneumatic tubes
and similar technologies. Same goes for transport. It needs to be integrated
and strategically designed to reduce… or even remove the need for wasteful,
independent automobiles. Electric trams, conveyors,
transveyors and… maglevs which can take you virtually… anywhere in the city,
even up and down… along with connecting you
to other cities as well. And of course,
in the event an automobile is required… it is automated by satellite
for safety and integrity. In fact, this automation technology
is in working order right now. Automobile accidents kill about
1.2 million people every single year, injuring about 50 million. This is absurd and doesn’t have to occur. Between efficient city design
and automated, driverless cars… this death toll can be virtually eliminated. Agriculture. Today, through our haphazard,
cost-cutting industrial methods… using pesticides, excessive fertilizers
and other means… we have successfully
destroyed much… of the the arable land
on this planet… not to mention also extensively
poisoning our bodies. In fact, industrial
and agricultural chemical toxins… now show up in virtually every human
being tested, including infants. Fortunately,
there is a glaring alternative… the soilless mediums of hydroponics
and aeroponics… which also reduce nutrient
and water… requirements by up to 75 %
of our current usage. Food can now be organically grown
on an industrial scale… in enclosed vertical farms. Such as in 50 story 1 acre plots… virtually eliminating the need for… pesticides and hydrocarbons in general. This is the future
of industrial food cultivation. Efficient, clean and abundant. So, such advanced systems would be,
in part… what comprise our agricultural belt… producing all the food required
for the entire city’s population with no need to import anything
from the outside… saving time, waste and energy. And speaking of Energy… The Energy Belt would work
in a systems approach to… extract electricity from our
abundant renewable mediums… specifically wind, solar,
geothermal and heat differentials… and if near water potentials…
tidal and wave power. To avoid intermittency
and make sure… a positive net energy return occurs… these mediums would operate
in an integrated system… powering each other when needed… while storing excessive energy
to large… super capacitors under the ground… so nothing can go to waste. And not only does the city power itself… particular structures
will also power independently… and generate electricity
through photovoltaic paints… structural pressure transducers,
the thermocouple effect… and other current
but under utilized technologies. But, of course, this begs the question: How does this technology,
and goods in… general, get created in the first place? This bring us to Production: The Industrial Belt, apart from having
hospitals and the like… would be the hub of factory production. Completely localized overall… it would, of course,
obtain raw materials by way of… the global resource management system,
just discussed… with demand being generated
by the population of the city itself. As far as the mechanics of production… we need to discuss a new,
powerful phenomenon… which was sparked very recently
in human history… and is on pace to changing everything. It’s called Mechanization… or the automation of labor. Well, if you look around,
you’ll notice that almost… everything that we use today… is built automatically. Your shoes, your clothes,
your home appliances, your car and so on… they are all built by machines
in an automatic way. Can we say that the society
has not been… influenced by these major
technological advancements? Of course not. These systems really dictate
new structures… and new needs and they make a lot
of other things obsolete. So, we have been going up
in the development… and use of technology in an exponential way. So, definitely automation is going
to continue. You cannot stop… technologies that just make sense. Labor automation through technology
is at the bottom… of every major social transformation
in human history. From the agricultural revolution
and the invention of the plow… to the industrial revolution and the
invention of the powered machine… to the information age
we live in now through… essentially the invention of advanced
electronics and computers. And with regard to advanced
production methods today… mechanization is now evolving on its own. Moving away from the traditional method
of… assembling component parts
into a configuration… into an advanced method of creating… entire products in one single process. Like most engineers, I’m fascinated
by biology because it is… so full of examples of extraordinary
pieces of engineering. What biology is… is the study
of things that copy themselves. As good a definition of life as we’ve got. Again, as an engineer,
I have always been… intrigued by the idea of machines
copying themselves. RepRap is a three-dimensional printer… that’s to say it is a printer that you plug
into your computer and… instead of making two-dimensional
sheets of paper with patterns on… it makes real, physical,
three-dimensional objects. Now there’s nothing new about that… 3D printers have been around
for about 30 years. The big thing about RepRap is
that it prints most of its own parts. So, if you’ve got one, you could… make another one and give it
to a friend… as well as being able to print lots
of useful things. From the simple printing of basic
household goods in your home… to the printing of an entire
automobile body in one swoop… advanced, automated 3D printing
now has the… potential to transform
virtually every field of production. Including home construction. Contour Crafting is… actually a fabrication technology… the so-called 3D printing…
when you directly build 3D objects from a computer model. Using Contour Crafting,
it will be possible… to build a 2000 square-foot home… entirely by the machine, in one day. The reason that people are interested
in automating construction… is that it really brings a lot of benefits. For example, construction
is pretty labor-intensive… and although it provides jobs
for a sector of the society it also has issues and complications. For example, construction is
the most dangerous job that there is. It is worse than mining and agriculture. That has the highest level of fatality
in almost in every country. Another issue is the waste. An average home in the United States
has 3 to 7 tons of waste. So this is huge if we look
at the impact of construction… and knowing about 40%
of all materials… in the world are used in construction. So, a big waste of energy
and resources… and big damage to the environment as well. Making homes using hammers
and nails and wood… with the state of our technology today,
is really absurd… and will go the way of our
labor class in… regards to manufacturing
in the United States. Recently, there was a study
by economist David Autor of MIT… that states that our middle class
is obsolete… and being replaced by automation. Quite simply,
Mechanization is more productive… efficient and sustainable
than human labor… in virtually every sector
of the economy today. Machines do not need vacations,
breaks, insurance, pensions… and they can work 24 hours a day, everyday. The output potential and accuracy… compared to human labor, is unmatched. The bottom line: repetitive human labor
is becoming obsolete… and impractical across the world and the unemployment
you see around you today… is fundamentally the result of this… evolution of efficiency in technology. For years, market economists
have dismissed this growing pattern… which could be called
“Technological Unemployment… because of the fact that new sectors
always seemed… to emerge to re-absorb
the displaced workers. Today, the service sector
is the only real hub left… and currently employs over 80%
of the American workforce… with most industrialized countries
maintaining a similar proportion. However, this sector now being… challenged increasingly
by automated kiosks… automated restaurants
and even automated stores. Economists today are finally… acknowledging what they had been
denying for years: Not only is technological unemployment
exasperating the current… labor crisis we see across the… world due to the global economic downturn… but the more the recession deepens… the faster the industries are mechanizing. The catch, which is not realized… is that the faster
they mechanize to save money, the more they displace people… the more they reduce
public purchasing power. This means that,
while the corporation… can produce everything
more cheaply… fewer and fewer people will actually
have money to buy anything… regardless of how cheap they become. The bottom line is
that the “labor for… income” game is slowly coming to an end. In fact, if you take a moment
to reflect… on the jobs which are in
existence today… which automation could take over
right now, if applied… 75% of the global workforce could be… replaced by mechanization tomorrow. And this is why, in a
Resource-Based Economy… There is no Monetary-Market system. No money at all… for there is no need. a Resource-Based Economy… recognizes the efficiency of mechanization and accepts it for what it offers. It doesn’t fight it, like we do today. Why?
Because it is irresponsible not to… given any interest in efficiency
and sustainability. And this brings us back to our city system. In the center is the Central Dome… which not only houses the… educational facilities
and transportation hub… it also hosts the mainframe that… runs the cities technical operations. The city is, in fact,
one big automated machine. It has sensors in all technical belts… to track the progress
of architecture… energy gathering, production,
distribution and the like. Now, would people be needed
to oversee these… operations in the event
of a malfunction or the like? Most probably: Yes. But that number would decrease… over time as improvements continue. However, as of today,
maybe 3% of… the city population would be needed… for this job when you break it down. And I can assure you: That in an economic system
which is… actually designed
to take care of you… and secure your well being… without you having to submit to… private dictatorship on a daily basis… usually to a job that is either… technically unnecessary
or socially pointless… while often struggling with debt
that doesn’t exist… just to make ends meet… I guarantee you: People will volunteer
their time left and right… to maintain and improve a system… that actually takes care of them. And coupled with this issue
of ‘Incentive’… comes the common assumption that… if there isn’t some external pressure… for one to “work for a living”… people would just sit around,
do nothing… and turn into fat lazy blobs. This is nonsense. The labor system we have today is… in fact the generator of laziness… not a resolver of it. If you think back to
when you were a child… full of life, interested in new things
to understand… likely creating and exploring… but as time went on,
the system pushed you… into the focus of figuring out
how to make money. And from early education… to study at a university, you are narrowed. Only to emerge as a creature
which serves… as a cog in a wheel in a model that… sends all the fruits to the upper 1%. Scientific Studies have now shown
that people are, in fact… not motivated by monetary reward… when it comes to ingenuity and creation. The creation itself is the reward. Money, in fact, appears only to serve
as an incentive… for repetitive, mundane actions… a role we have just now shown
can be replaced by machine. When it comes to innovation… the actual use of the human mind… the monetary incentive
has proven to be a hindrance… interfering and detracting
from creative thought. And this might explain why Nikola Tesla,
the Wright Brothers… and other inventors
who contributed massively… to our current world… never showed a monetary incentive to do so. Money is, in fact, a false incentive… and causes 100 times more distortion… than it does contribution. Good morning class. Please settle down. The first thing I would like to do
is go around the room… and ask what everyone would like to be
when they grow up. Who would like to go first? Okay, how about you Sarah? When I grow up I want to work
at McDonald’s like my mom! Oh, family tradition, eh? How about you, Linda? When I grow up, I’m going to be a… prostitute on the streets of New York City! Oh! glamour girl, huh? Very ambitious. How about you, Tommy? When I grow up, I’m going to be a… rich, elitist businessman who works… on Wall Street and profits off of… the collapse of foreign economies. Enterprising… And great to see some
multicultural interest! [Victims of Culture] As stated before,
a Resource-Based… Economy applies the Scientific Method
to social concern… and this isn’t limited to simply
technical efficiency. It also has the consideration of… human and social well-being directly
and what comprises it. What good is a social system if,
in the end… it doesn’t produce happiness
and peaceful coexistence? So, it is important to point out that… with the removal
of the money system… and the necessities of life provided… we would see a global reduction in… crime by about 95% almost immediately… for there is nothing to steal,
embezzle, scam, or the like. 95% of all people in prisons today
are there… due to some monetary related crime
or drug abuse… and drug abuse is a disorder,
not a crime. So what about the other 5%? the truly violent… often seeming to some as being… violent for the sake of being violent… are they just “evil” people? The reason that I frankly think
it’s a waste of time… to engage in moral value judgments… about people’s violence is… because it doesn’t advance
by one iota… our understanding of either
the causes… or the prevention of the violent behavior. People sometimes ask if I believe in
“forgiving” criminals. My answer to that is… “No, I don’t believe in forgiveness… anymore than I believe in condemnation”. It’s only if we, as a society… can take the same attitude
of treating violence as… a problem in public health
and preventive medicine… rather than as a moral “evil”… it’s only when we make
that change in our… own attitudes and assumptions
and values… that we will actually succeed
in reducing the… level of violence
rather than stimulating it… which is what we do now. The more justice you seek,
the more hurt you become… because there’s no such thing as justice. There is whatever there is out there.
That’s it. In other words, if people are conditioned
to be racist bigots… if they are brought up in an environment
that advocates that… why do you blame the person for it? They are a victim of a subculture. Therefore they have to be helped. The point is, we have to redesign
the environment… that produces aberrant behavior. That’s the problem. Not putting a person in jail. That’s why judges, lawyers… “freedom of choice”,
such concepts… are dangerous,
because it gives you mis-information. That the person is “bad”…
or that person is a “serial killer”. Serial killers are made… just like soldiers become serial killers
with a machine gun. They become killing machines,
but nobody… looks at them as murderers
or assassins… because that’s “natural”. So we blame people. We say, “Well, this guy was a Nazi,
he tortured Jews”. No, he was brought up to torture Jews. Once you accept the fact
that people… have individual choices
and they are free… to make those choices…
Free to make… choices means without
being influenced… and I can’t understand that at all. All of us are influenced
in all of our choices… by the culture we live in,
by our parents… and by the values that dominate. So, we’re influenced, so there can’t be
“free” choices. What’s the greatest country in the world?’
the true answer: I haven’t been all over the world
and I don’t know… enough about different cultures
to answer that question’. I don’t know anybody that speaks that way. They say ‘it’s the good old USA! the greatest country in the world!’ There is no survey…
‘Have you been to India?’.. ‘No’. Have you been to England?’…
‘No’. Have you been to France?’…
‘No’. Then what do you make your assumptions on?’ They can’t answer… they get mad at you. They say, ‘God dammit!
Who the hell… are you to tell me what to think?!’ You know… Don’t forget:
You’re dealing with aberrated people. They are not responsible for the answers, they’re victims of culture
and that means… they have been influenced by their culture. When we consider
a Resource-Based Economy… there are often a number of arguments
that tend to come up with… EH! Eh!
Hey! – Now hold on just a minute!
– Yes. I know what this is.
This is called Marxism, buddy. Stalin killed 800 billion people
because of ideas like this… [My father died in the Gulag!] [Communist! Fascist!] You don’t like America
you should just leave! All right, everybody just calm down… Death to the New World Order! Death to the New World Order! And as the irrationality of the… audience grew, shocked and confused: Suddenly the narrator suffered
a fatal heart attack’. And the seemingly communist
propaganda film was no more. But you know, I’ve said
that sort of thing to people… in ‘think tank’ type situations… and you know these Club of Rome types
and so forth… they say “Marxist”! What? Marxist?
Where did that come from? They just…
they got this icon they hold onto… it’s their Holy Grail… and it’s such an easy one, you know. People ask if I’m a Socialist
or a Communist or Capitalist… I say I am none of the above.
Why do you… think that those are the only options? All of those political constructs… were created by writers
who assumed… we lived on a planet of infinite resources. Not one of those
political philosophies even… contemplates that there might be
a shortage of anything. I believe that communism, socialism,
free enterprise, fascism… are part of social evolution. You can’t take a giant step… from one culture to another… there are in-between systems. Before there’s any “I’sm”,
we have a life ground… and the life ground is as
I’ve just described most easily as all the conditions… required to take your next breath… and that involves the air you breathe… the water you get,
the safety you have… the education you can access,
all… these things that we share
and use and that… no life, in any culture, can do without. So we’ve got to reset down
to the Life Ground… and the life ground is no longer
any “I’sm”. It’s “life value analysis”. It’s simply a matter
of historical fact… that the dominant
intellectual culture… of any particular society
reflects the… interests of the dominant group
in that society. In a slave owning society… the beliefs about human beings
and human rights and so on will reflect the needs
of the slave owners. In the society, which again,
which is based on… the power of certain people
to control and profit from… the lives and work
of millions of others… the dominant intellectual culture will… reflect the needs of the dominant group. So that, if you look across the board,
the… ideas that pervade psychology
and… sociology and history… and political economy
and political science… fundamentally reflect
certain elite interests. And the academics
who question that too much… tend to get shunted
to the side or… to be seen as sort of “radicals”. The dominant values of a culture… tend to support and perpetuate… what is rewarded by that culture. And in a society where success and… status is measured by material wealth… not social contribution… it is easy to see why the state
of the world is what it is today. We are dealing with
a value system disorder… completely denatured… where the priority
of personal and social health… have become secondary
to the detrimental… notions of artificial wealth
and limitless growth. And, like a virus, this disorder now… permeates every facet
of government… news media… entertainment…
and even academia. And built into its structure… are mechanisms of protection… from anything that might interfere. Disciples of the
Monetary-Market religion… the Self-Appointed Guardians
of the Status Quo… constantly seek out ways to avoid
any form of thought… which might interfere with their beliefs. The most common of which:
Are Projected Dualities. If you’re not a Republican,
you must be a Democrat. If you are not Christian,
you might be a Satanist… and if you feel society can be
greatly improved… to consider, perhaps…
I don’t know… taking care of everyone? you’re just a “Utopianist”. And the most insidious of them all: If you are not for the “free-market”… you must be against freedom itself. I’m a believer in freedom! Every time you hear
the word freedom… being said anywhere
or government interference… said anywhere, it means, decoded: Blocking maximization
of turning money… into more money
for private money possessors. That’s it. Every other thing they’ll say: ‘Oh, we need more commodities for people’, ‘Oh, this is freedom against tyranny’
and so forth… every time you see it,
you can decode it down to… that and I think you’ll find a
one-to-one correlation… with every time they use it. And this, in a sense, we might call: It’s a Syntax. A governing syntax
of understanding and of value. So, it governs beneath
their own recognition of it… so they might say:
‘Oh, I didn’t mean that at all!’ but in fact, that’s what they do. Just like you may speak a grammar… and you have rules of grammar
you follow… without recognizing what the rules are… and so what we have is what I call
the “Ruling Value Syntax”… that underlies this.
So, every time they use these words: government interference’,
‘lack of freedom’ or ‘freedom’… or ‘progress’ or ‘development’… you can decode them all
to come back to mean that. Of course, when you hear
the word ‘freedom’… it tends to be in same sentence… with something called ‘democracy’. It’s fascinating how people today
seem to believe… that they actually have a relevant… influence on what
their government does… forgetting that the very nature of… our system offers everything for sale. The only vote that counts
is the monetary vote… and it doesn’t matter how much any… activist yells about ethics
and accountability. In a market system, every politician,
every legislation… and hence, every government is for sale. And even with the
20 trillion dollar bank bailouts… starting in 2007… an amount of money
which could have changed… say, the global energy infrastructure… to fully renewable methods… instead going to a series of institutions… that literally do nothing
to help society… institutions that could be… removed tomorrow with no recourse… the blind conditioning that politics
and… politicians exist for the public well-being
still continues. The fact is, politics is a business… no different than any other
in a market system… and they care about their self-interest
before anything else. I don’t really, honestly,
deep down believe in political action. I think the system contracts
and expands as it wants to. It accommodates these changes. I think the civil rights movement
was an accommodation… on the part of those who own the country. I think they see
where their self-interest lies, they see a certain amount
of freedom seems good… an illusion of liberty, give these people
a voting day every year… so that they will have the illusion
of meaningless choice. Meaningless choice, that we go,
like slaves and say… “Oh, I Voted”. The limits of debate
in this country are established… before the debate even begins
and everyone… else is marginalized
and made to seem either… to be communist or some sort of
disloyal person… a “kook”… there’s a word… and now it’s “conspiracy”.
See… they made that. Something that should not be
even entertained for a minute: that powerful people might get together
and have a plan! Doesn’t happen! You’re a “kook”!
Your a “conspiracy buff”! And of all the mechanisms
of defense of this system… there are two that repeatedly come up. The first is this idea that the system
has been the “cause”… of the material progress
we have seen on this planet. Well… No. There are basically two root causes which have created the increased
so-called “wealth”… and population growth we see today. One: the exponential advancement
of production technology, hence scientific ingenuity. And Two: The initial discovery
of abundant hydrocarbon energy… which is currently the foundation
of the entire socio-economic system. The free-market / capitalist / monetary market system…
whatever you want to call it… has done nothing but ride the wave
of these advents… with a distorted incentive system
and a haphazard… grossly unequal method of utilizing
and distributing those fruits. The second defense is a
belligerent social bias… generated from years
of propaganda… which sees any other social system… as a route to so called “tyranny”… with various name droppings
of Stalin, Mao, Hitler… and the death tolls they generated. Well, as despotic as these men
might have been… along with the societal
approaches they perpetuated… when it comes to the game of death… when comes to the systematic… daily mass murder of human beings… Nothing in history compares
to what we have today. Famines, throughout at least
the last century of our history… have not been caused by a lack of food. They have been caused by relative poverty. The economic resources
were so inequitably distributed… that the poor simply
didn’t have enough money… with which to buy the food
that would’ve been… available if they could have
afforded to pay for it. That would be an example
of Structural Violence. Another example: in Africa
and some other areas… I’ll particularly focus on Africa… tens of millions of people
are dying of AIDS. Why are they dying? It’s not because we don’t know
how to treat AIDS. We have, you know, millions of people
in the wealthy countries… getting along remarkably well
because… they have the medicines that will treat it. The people in Africa
who are dying of AIDS… are not dying because of the HIV virus… they are dying because
they don’t have the money with… which to pay for the drugs
that would keep them alive. Gandhi saw this. He said: “The deadliest form of violence is poverty”. And that’s absolutely right. Poverty kills far more people
than all the wars in history, more people than all
the murderers in history, more than all the suicides in history… not only does Structural Violence
kill more people… than all the behavioral violence
put together… Structural Violence is also the… main cause of behavioral violence. Oil is the foundation of and is present throughout,
the edifice of human civilization. There are 10 calories of hydrocarbon energy
“oil and natural gas”… in every calorie of food you and I eat
in the industrialized world. Fertilizers are made from natural gas. Pesticides are made from oil. You drive oil-powered machines to plant…
plow… irrigate… harvest… transport package.
You wrap the food… in plastic that’s oil.
All plastic is oil. There are 7 gallons of oil in every tire. Oil is everywhere, it’s ubiquitous.
And it’s only because… of oil that there are
7 billion people or… almost 7 billion people
on this planet right now. The arrival of this cheap
and easy energy… which is equivalent,
by the way, to… billions of slaves
working around the clock… changed the world in such a radical way
over the last century… and the population has gone up 10 times. But, by 2050, oil supply is able
to support… less than half the present world’s… population in their present way of life. So, the scale of adjustment
to live differently is just enormous. The world is now using six barrels
of oil for every barrel it finds. Five years ago it was using four… barrels of oil for every barrel it finds. A year from now it is going to be using… eight barrels of oil
for every barrel it finds. What’s disturbing to me is the… lack of any real effort
from governments worldwide… and industry leaders worldwide
to do something different. We have these, sort of,
attempts to build more wind power… and to maybe do something with Tide… we’ve got attempts to make our cars
a little bit more efficient… but there’s nothing
which really looks like a… revolution coming along…
these are all pretty minor… and that I think is pretty frightening. And the governments who are driven
by these economists… who don’t really appreciate
what we’re talking about… are trying to stimulate consumerism
to restore past prosperity… in the hope that they can restore the past. They’re printing yet more money
lacking any collateral at all. So, if the economy improves and… recovers and the famous growth
comes back… it will only be short-lived because… within a short period of time
counted in months… rather than years it will hit
the supply barrier again, there will be another price shock… and a deeper recession.
So I think… we go into a series of vicious circles… So you have the economic growth
going up, price… spike… everything shuts down.
That’s where we are now. Then it starts to come up again
but what we have now is this… area where there’s no more ability
to produce cheap energy. We’re at the peak… were on the
down slope of oil production. No way you’re going to get any more
out of the ground any faster… which means that things shut down,
the price of oil drops… which it did in early 2009
but then as you have a “recovery”… the price of oil starts to come back. It’s recently been hovering
around 80 dollars… a barrel and what we see is
that at even at 80 dollars a… barrel now, with the financial
and economic collapse… people are having a hard time
affording that. World oil production right now
is about 86 million barrels a day. Over 10 years, you’re looking at… roughly 14 million barrels a day
having to be replaced. There’s nothing around
which can come even… within 1% of meeting that sort of demand. If we don’t do something
pretty quickly… there’s going to be
a huge energy deficiency. I think the big mistake
is in not recognizing… a decade or so ago
that a concerted effort… needed to be made to develop… these sustainable forms of energy. I think that’s something our grandchildren
will look back on with… total disbelief.
‘You people knew that you… were dealing with a finite commodity… how could you possibly
have build your economy… around something
which was going to disappear?’ For the first time in human history… the species is now faced
with the depletion of a core resource… central to our current system of survival. And the punchline
of the whole thing is… that even with oil becoming
more and more scarce the economic system
will still blindly push… its cancerous growth model… so people can go out
and buy more oil powered cars… to generate GDP and jobs…
exasperating the decline. Are there solutions to replace the… edifice of the hydrocarbon economy? Of course. But the path needed
to accomplish these changes… will not manifest through the
Market System Protocols required… since new solutions can only be… implemented through the Profit Mechanism. People are not investing
in renewable energies… because there is no money in it
in both long and short term. And the commitment needed
to make it happen… can only occur at a severe financial loss. Therefore, there is no monetary incentive
and in this… system, if there is no monetary incentive,
things do not happen. And on top of it all, Peak Oil is just one of many surfacing consequences of the environmental-social train wreck
gaining speed today. Other declines include Fresh Water… the very fabric of our existence… which is currently showing… shortages for 2.8 billion people… and those shortages are on pace
to reach 4 billion by 2030. Food Production: The destruction of arable crop land,
from which… 99.7% of all human food
comes from today… is occurring up to 40 times faster
than it is being replenished… and over the last 40 years,
30% of the… arable land has become unproductive. Not to mention that hydrocarbons
are the backbone… of agriculture today and as it declines… so will the food supply. As far as resources in general… at our current patterns
of consumption, by 2030… we will need 2 planets
to continue our rates. Not to mention
the continual destruction… of life supporting biodiversity… causing extinction spasms and… environmental destabilization
across the globe. And with all of these declines… we have the near
exponential population growth… where by 2030 there might be over… 8 billion people on this planet. Energy production alone would need to… increase 44% by 2030 to meet such demand. And again, since money is
the only initiator of action… are we to expect that any country on… the planet is going to be able to afford… the massive changes needed
to revolutionize agriculture… water processing, energy production
and the like? When the global debt
pyramid scheme is… slowly shutting the entire world down… Not to mention the fact that… the unemployment you currently see… is going to become normality due to… the nature of technological unemployment. The jobs are not coming back. And finally, a broad social perspective. From the 1970 to 2010,
poverty on this… planet doubled due to this system… and given our current state… do you honestly think we will see… anything less than more doubling… more suffering and more mass starvation? There is not going to be any recovery. This is not some long depression… that we’re some day going to pull out of. I think the next phase
that we are going to see after the… next round of economic collapses
is massive civil unrest. When unemployment checks stop being… paid because the states have no money left. And when things get so bad
that people lose confidence… in their elected leaders,
they will demand change… if we don’t kill each other
in the process… or destroy the environment. I’m just afraid that we might
get to the point of no return… and that bothers me to no end. We do all we can to avoid that condition. It’s clear that we’re on the verge
of a great transition in human life… That what we face now
is this fundamental… change of the life we’ve known
over the last century. There has to be a link between
the economy and… the resources of this planet… the resources being, of course,
all animal and plant life, the health of the oceans
and everything else. This is a monetary paradigm
that will not… let go until it’s killed
the last human being. The “in” group will do all it can
to stay in power… and that’s what you’ve got to keep in mind. They’ll use the army and navy and lies.. or whatever they have to use
to keep in power. They’re not about to give it up… because they don’t know
of any other system… that will perpetuate their kind.


  1. Jose Luis Jorge Sosa says:

    Muy buena info, conceras la verdad y la verdad te hara libre.

  2. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    No sé si sabes que estar es la tercera parte de una serie de documentales. La primera (Zeitgeist) y la segunda (Zeitgeist: Addendum) las tienes también disponibles junto a estes.

  3. topcityres says:

    Imagine that. People that believe in GOD are the least violent groups in history.

  4. Aidza Chavez says:

    Hay algun documental de zeitgeist sobre los ovnis?

  5. Vegan Lifting says:

    @topcityres Not sure if serious?

  6. Pablo Costa Tirado says:


  7. strikkmoez says:

    This is a damn masterpiece. Best film I have ever seen…though I felt the ending was impossibly optimistic. I envision and ending where we all perish, personally. Their greed is too strong to allow for reason. Still, this is a magnificent work.

  8. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    I think Zeitgeist Addendum is THE masterpiece.

  9. Shannmeister says:

    Possessions are only ever temporary and they will never say "I love you".

  10. elbowbiter1 says:

    "Their" greed, whom ever the "they" are, is only as strong is our individual complicity in fulfilling their greed game. "reject the system dictating the norms" and you will find the transition is just like the ending of this film. A ast majority walking away from a corrupt system to the point where those that want to play the greed game can no longer do so. They will have no troops to send and thus their politicians will be bootless. Their fortunes will dry up and then they'll come home.

  11. Kat91779 says:

    I've long been wondering why the governments of the world, the USA at the head, are not doing anything paramount to even begin to tackle the impending shortages of energy to meet the most basic human needs. It leads me to speculate whether the powers that be, maybe, know something that we don't, namely, perhaps, they are convinced, that Jesus Christ is in fact returning soon, or maybe even an approaching Nibiru, or some other doom scenario. It would be the only thing that explains their apathy.

  12. dethnh82uall says:

    99942 Apophis

  13. Rick Abboud says:

    Some of this video is informative, some is bs

  14. Pierre Ripplinger says:

    Who is the old man at the begining? The one who refused the pledge of allegiance as a schoolboy…

  15. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    What second?

  16. Pierre Ripplinger says:

    He starts talking at 5:55 but we see him only at 8:23. Sorry, I should have precised that.

  17. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Okay. His name it´s Jacque Fresco and is a genius. Simply is the guy who gave the main ideas to the 3 Zeitgeist films, and you can see a lot of videos in my channel of his ideas.

    Worth it.

  18. Pierre Ripplinger says:

    Oh I didn't recognize him, I saw him before, talking about his architectural projects. Yes he's an outstanding and inspiring mind. Thank you Pablo.

  19. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    You're very welcome!!

  20. ilowboy1 says:

    ok so how do we get to this new world?

  21. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    The Venus Project is recording a film about the transition period. But I recommend you to watch "Paradise or Oblivion" and some other videos in my channel or Youtube in general, they partially answer those questions.

  22. tctctctc4 says:

    The WORLD IS an unsafe place. It isn't a mental illness to believe this,its the truth. When criminals rule with armies, what else are we dealing with. You create a 'self-blaming' scenario here. This is a pipedream. You are reinforcing the preexisting brainwashing of the 'social controllers'. I have the same vision of the future of humanity, but it won't be gotten with 'Peace & Wisdom'. Not when we'll be faced with guns pointed at us. STOP THE UN GUN TREATY! It's a hoax to disarm the people!

  23. eddie escalan says:

    guy with the beard looks like Ted nugent..hahaa

  24. David Hawkins says:

    04:02 "Siemells" LOL

  25. jayant pahuja says:

    so how long to the collapse of the whole system??

  26. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Добро пожаловать.

  27. Diego Guillermo Schmidt says:

    Changing yourself, you don't need to join any group, just to change your own habits and let others copy you.

  28. emancoy says:

    Just a question, what would people be doing in such an advance civilization?

  29. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    That´s the same question the paleolithic people would ask about us. You will find answers in "Future by Design" by Jacque Fresco. In my channel too.

  30. Dawn says:

    This should be required viewing for everyone. I think it would change many.

  31. Ahmad Hesam says:

    sehr schön video film hier

  32. Mark White says:

    I would say anything they wanted. We need to construct a simple care system which recycles energy/resources and provides our daily needs. Then we would be free to pursue what we wanted without feeling forced.

  33. أبو مسلم الحجاجي says:

    where we're going???

  34. 3rdAutisticCuckoo says:

    Aspect ratio fail.

  35. Jerome Drew says:

    An impossible future to replicate. Fear is the only motivator strong enough to create this future. It just so happens to be the main contributor against this ever being possible. While incredibly enlightening, and strongly spirited, it is impractical for world implementation. There are however powerful ideas in this video that may be enlisted in the struggle for change– while being practical.
    The most damaging concept to this future will be the idea of loss of ownership.

  36. Lone Ryder says:

    i agree with you, there is no way people in the masses will come together like this and peacefully resist, because like you said, we would just get steam rolled over and that is all.

  37. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Keep looking and reading about TVP, this is an old question good answered.

  38. greenday1978 says:

    That is true but there is a role that culture and education can (must) play. Not all societies see material gain as the highest value: look at balinese funeral cerimonies…the money of the dead and his family is lavishly spent to gain respect and status from society, even if it impoverishes the family.
    If you eliminated publicity do you think you would want to consume so much? What if the publicity was for other things and values? Meet girls by volunteering and not by buying a big car….

  39. greenday1978 says:

    If every time you turned the TV on, went to the cinema, drove pass a billboard, instead of a buy this message you had a "go and check the finances of your nation" "give your unwanted property", "give up your seat in public transportation to the elderly","study harder for the benefit of all" and obviously this done whit as much mastery as publicity is done today (when we do not notice we are being sold an idea)…It would not be paradise but it would be a step up from hell

  40. POOP POOPERTON says:

    what would people be doing?spending time with family.enjoying life and the arts and science in life

  41. Strangepete says:

    "Those damn utopian idealistic communists!" haha..

    We are screwed.. So many people have such a strong identification with the money system and labour for income, not to mention social stratification. Haves and have nots..

    Try explaining a car or an appartment building to a hunter gatherer. Explain to them for example, that one day you can turn what we call a 'tab' to get either hot or cold water whenever you feel like it.

    That hunter gatherer would call you a utopianist! "No way" he'd say!

  42. Charles Lunsford says:

    And now what are we to do? what is the next step? Im young 19 years old and iv been feeling these things for a long time. How am i going to anything with my life If i cant give a shit about the society I'm supose to contributing to? I know anything iv ever done iv had to believe in and have some kind of vision in my head to complete it. How do I live a happy life in a society where I am being set up to fail? how do live a happy life and resist the evil going on around me?

  43. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Teach others. Spread the ideas. Show this and others films. If we do nothing, nothing will happen.

  44. Jack Spade says:

    You can have a great life regardless of what these evil people are doing. Remember there is a balance to everything. There is much more good in the world than bad. If you don't believe me look up to the sky and admire the clouds and the sun. Amazing how this world keeps spinning and is so beautiful. You get to wake up everyday and experience this world, and even tho its not perfect, its still amazing. Unplug from the matrix but don't live your life in fear and paranoia because then they win.

  45. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    I know what you mean, but you can´t look up with an empty stomach.

  46. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    I know what you mean, but you can´t look up with an empty stomach.

  47. Jack Spade says:

    But remember perception is a weapon. We shape our society based on our perceptions. CNN plays negativity all day, and this has an influence on the psyche. The result is a paranoid fearful society that feels our presence in the middle east is justified because we have to stop that group of people from harming us. If we shift our focus to positive movements we can lead by example and show people We still have the ability to create the utopia we all want.

  48. Jack Spade says:

    I would start by rejecting our current system and creating our own solutions regardless of what these bullshit politicians say. We need to govern ourselves. So I totally agree with this movie so far and I thank you for posting. I just don't want everyone to have a hopeless negative outlook on life, because if we fell powerless we won't ever change anything.

  49. urinfamousr79 says:

    wow "science has no ego" i lol'ed

  50. A New Rome says:

    America owes itself to Europe, not the damn world.

  51. modelaircrafter says:

    To support my argument, please do a search on YT for, This is the Truth. 2012

    There's a YT video of a young lady who did a study of the lineage of all the presidents of the USA. She found that with one exception, all presidents are related, in some way,,,, distant cousins and the like and the lineage goes back to one, English member of the monarchy,,,, something like that. NO ACCIDENT, impossible by chance.

  52. modelaircrafter says:

    Yes, there certainly are exceptions. Henry Ford invented the assembly line and his profits went to paying his employees more, so that they could afford to buy his cars. Magna International, owes its success to good management which INCLUDES the social welfare of its workers.

    Yes, psychopaths CAN be made but there are natural born psychopaths. Social animals have a portion of their brains dedicated to empathy. Some are born with this area less active. I have seen this on a personal level.

  53. modelaircrafter says:

    So, the result of this system, the social psychopath tends to rise to the top, of virtually everything that bases success on money, wealth and power. Politicians, clergy, businessmen, CEOs, all tend to have a majority of sociopaths within their midst.

  54. modelaircrafter says:

    Absent this, the group does not survive. This is why all groups fall within this principle. Those that didn't, ceased to exist,,, a consequence of natural selection.

  55. modelaircrafter says:

    Then there is the psychopath the one percent, that commit mass murders and wear their victim's skulls as a hat. Then there is the subset, the 9%, functioning sociopath. These are a simple matter of people born within the natural spectrum of groups of people. These are as necessary as the 10% that we may all saints. Any system or group, needs a spectrum so that as conditions change, the spectrum provides, as needed, a balance for the survival of the group.

  56. modelaircrafter says:

    I am a BIG supporter of the Zeitgeist movement. I appreciate and admire the talent and effort put into the series.

    However, we must not embrace ONE point of view for an appreciation of what might really be going on, the causes and solutions.

    May I offer, Thrivemovement(*)com

    But both Zeitgeist and Thrive claim that there is no, not so secret anymore, cabal involved.

  57. modelaircrafter says:

    However, there also was the thorium process. It could not be utilized to make weapons so it was suppressed by the industrial, military complex. This process produces very little and fast decaying nuclear waste. It can also consume, today's nuclear waste and reprocess weapons grade nuclear material. What we need to REPLACE today's nuclear and combustion energies is development of the thorium reactor. These can be made in small, appliance units for home use.

  58. modelaircrafter says:

    Fire, basically cheap energy, allowed many more humans to survive, over and above what would have been possible otherwise. Coal, oil and natural gas was a TREMENDOUS, leap forward.

    Enter the nuclear age. It was originally claimed that nuclear energy would be too cheap to meter. But the adoption of the fission process using uranium created a nightmare of nuclear waste and the production of weapons of unimaginable destruction.

  59. modelaircrafter says:

    As the Thrivemovement posits, it's much about energy. Before the discovery of fire by man, we were subject to the same, brutal controls that all animals suffer limiting their populations, climate, food supply disease. Coal, oil and natural gas was a huge leap forward, allowing today's populations to explode.

  60. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Explain yourself a little bit please.

  61. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Hi! Any evidence that psychopaths are natural born?

  62. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    It seems that is an excerpt from John Ortberg’s book “It all goes back in the box”

  63. Justin Haynes says:

    0:49:00 Benjamin's Turkeye-brow.

  64. Jaylasplenty says:

    Everything up until the last few minuets (where the people give back the money) was logical thinking. If God is their money & they wish nothing more than to have us die so that they can live in a secluded planet,I don't see how giving them back money is going to be a solution.

  65. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    Yeap. More a desire than a reality.

  66. Gnomefro says:

    I think you're trying to turn the issue of psychopathy into a needless dichotomy. It's obvious that people can be born psychopaths, because damage to, or developmental failure of, empathy processing will make you one. At the same time, part of normal development includes learning things about empathy and making logical connections that requires an environment that lets you learn about it. Any one of those things can fail and the consequence will be abnormal empathy processing.

  67. handlanternblind says:

    Giving up the money at the end of the film, was a metaphor for systemic change…and quite a poignant one…

  68. Leo Grl says:

    S/O to Pyle from Full metal Jacket 2:05:10

  69. Leo Grl says:

    Wouldn't that be nice…no cash just us humans being nice to one another I feel compelled to go suit up and mount a horse or something (true story).

  70. Jazen Valencia says:

    1:32:50 Science bitches, it works! – Thunderfoot.

  71. mbb03f says:

    America is based on superficial materialism and set up for failure if you do not achieve riches. It is a fasle idea of health and reality. This is why I need to leave this superificial fake country.

  72. mbb03f says:

    this is exactly why the world hates america selfish greedy bastards

  73. mbb03f says:

    americans are robots running after something they cant achieve because they are set up to fail. if the governent and society provided the basic needs such as housing,healthcare and jobs to all the people the country will be strong. the government is greedy. selfish and america is destroyed. people who are smart leave the country for a more sensible country. duhh.. this is common sense

  74. mbb03f says:

    I am not willing to sacrifice my health for money. If you dont have your health what do you have? NOTHING

  75. mbb03f says:

    What does america do to keep its citizens equal? NOTHING. Most americans do not even have healthcare, decent jobs etc. america is such a waste and disaster. It is collapsing.

  76. RyeGuy2010 says:

    They were giving back worthless pieces of paper, not money. It was more a statement along the lines of "Hey, here's your worthless paper back, we don't need it anymore". Doesn't do them any good having it all as it's not worth anything.

  77. Stadiumjay says:

    these bastards trade currency that isn't even real and then give themselves a bonus for it

  78. Arreis235 says:

    Our World has conditioned us to be slaves, to admit to slavery with registration of your children via the birth certificate. So they can continue this monetary system, in an effort to continue making profit.

    Much like the world they used to imprison us, this video is also key'ed with subconscious messages. If you fail to see the symbolism in giving the money they created, back. Then I cannot help you, But if you see, what I see, and if you feel what I feel. Take the first step.

  79. Gideon Waxfarb says:

    'americans are robots running after something they cant achieve because they are set up to fail.'

    Tell that to Liz Muarry.

  80. Nadia Cortés says:

    Is obviously just a figurative scene, related to the "no money needed" in those future systems.

  81. Ben Frank says:

    one of my favorite docs

  82. Metalman Racing says:



  83. Metalman Racing says:


  84. Pablo Costa Tirado says:

    "The problem with the world is that the intelligent people are full of doubts while the stupid ones are full of confidence."

    I will check it out. Meanwhile you should check this out (without spaces) –> axiomaticeconomics . com / montagne.php

  85. Metalman Racing says:

    i had a look mate, and Victor is a plagiarist mate, making it look like he knows it all, when in reality he knows shit, he has stolen most of his work from the MPE thesis

  86. Metalman Racing says:

    PS: I have passed this on to Mike Montagne, thanks

  87. Metalman Racing says:

    australia4mpe . wordpress . com/refuting-victor-j-aguilar-from-axiomatic-ecomonics-brain-dead-bender/

    And This
    australia4mpe . wordpress . com/victor-j-aguilar-evasion/

    You may want to give them both a read first so your up to speed with this fucking CHARLATAN Victor J Aguilar.
    Any questions just ask OK mate

  88. Larry Ball says:

    This is not about America! It's about the entire world's hypnotized, unmindful mass of men. Like chimpanzees they chase bananas and their primal urges not imagining their bliss.

  89. mrhoustonn says:

    Oh, please, u just want monetary reform. U can post about yr idea all u want and I think all info is good, but dont mislead ppl by giving false ideas just so they go where u want them to. We have enough lying on TV adds, thank u. By saying yr solution goes deeper u show u have no idea what the TZM is. TZM advocates 4 a change of values, an entire way to decide things objectively instead of subjectively. We advocate 4 the scientific method 4 humanity decisions on an united planet, 4 goodness sake

  90. Bound Bersion says:

    The music is awesome in the background…
    Awesome like a brown mound
    in a watery bowl that's round.

  91. Andrea Hall says:

    You can simply look at the wide range of comments below me, and know those who are ready for change, and those who wish to live for the past….

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