The Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations


Hello everybody and welcome back to
Cambridge Institute’s video series today’s topic of discussion is going to
be about the Commonwealth of Nations common known as the Commonwealth.
You may have heard this term and not really know what it means, so today we’re going to look at some of
the key points and trying to come up with what the Commonwealth really is. The Commonwealth of Nations formally known as the British
Commonwealth has a long history but one is quite straightforward.
For all common purposes the Commonwealth is a somewhat loose
association a former British colonies and current
protectorates or dependent territories.
The modern Commonwealth has its beginnings in the post India
Independence era of 1947 with an even greater number of
former British colonies seeking autonomy and the philosophy of decolonization by
Great Britain there became a need to redefine these
countries’ ties and relationships both with Great Britain and with each other.
So why is the Commonwealth important? well for one it constitutes a massive
population and land area the population of the Commonwealth is
one point eight billion inhabitants or 30 percent
of the world’s population. As you can see what goes on in the
Commonwealth, the policies established and so on has
an effect on a great number of people and also
something that affects the rest of the world. Either directly or indirectly. Who runs the Commonwealth?
Well her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is the head and so recognized as the
the symbol of their free association.
Her Majesty attends the Commonwealth summits and Commonwealth Games that are
both held every 4 years and also gives an annual radio address
on Commonwealth Day which is the 2nd Monday of March. Her powers are primarily ceremonial and symbolic but her Majesty, though neutral, is always
concerned with the well-being and success of the Commonwealth nations. The Secretary General acts as the chief executive
of the Commonwealth. He is elected by the heads of government from among Commonwealth diplomats, and foreign ministers for maximum of two 4-year-terms. The present Secretary General
Kamlesh Sharma was elected in November of 2007 and assumed office on the 1st of April 2008. He’s an Indian diplomat
who had previously served as India’s High Commissioner
to the United Kingdom. So what does the Commonwealth do?
And why is it important? Although accused of being little more
than a post-colonial club its main business is promoting
democracy, good government human rights
and economic development. All members commit themselves
to the statements of beliefs set out by heads of government and although the Commonwealth has little
authority over member nations the Commonwealth draws its main strength
from its moral authority. This is the main way in which the
Commonwealth promotes economic and social development and the
alleviation of poverty by demanding a high moral code of conduct
and equality. On a political level perhaps the Commonwealth of Nations is of
little importance but in a social and moral level its
importance is monumental because it promotes
superior self-government equality and especially literacy
and health issues. I hope you’ve learned more about the Commonwealth of Nations and that you will remember this information
whenever you hear the term used. Have a great day!

4 Comments

  1. Tobias Leiminger says:

    Good video, nice aid for my oral exams!

  2. Pedo Melon says:

    Speak English not nerdy language

  3. Ricardo Peikoff says:

    thx nice video

  4. Жирослав Теглобрюх says:

    sorry there is no human rights in canada because of the genocide of aboriginals.

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