Charles Perrault INVENTED fairy tales Cinderella Mother Goose Little Red Riding Hood Sleeping Beauty

Charles Perrault INVENTED fairy tales Cinderella Mother Goose Little Red Riding Hood Sleeping Beauty


This Edition of TIMELINE presents «CHARLES
PERRAULT: Mother Goose Nursery Rhythms & Brothers Grimm Fairy Tales»
The birth of French author Charles Perrault (pronounced in French as Charles Perrault)
is situated on the Timeline in the seventeenth century in 1628. To put this in perspective,
Jacques Cartier began exploring North America in 1534 and the French Revolution started
in 1789. Before Charles Perrault became famous for
his well-known Fairy Tales, he was a writer of serious literature and a member of the
prestigious French Academy, the pantheon of the French language.
Perrault was born in Paris to a wealthy bourgeois family, the youngest of seven children. He
attended good schools and studied law before embarking on a career in government service,
following in the footsteps of his father and brothers.
In the 1650s, Perrault took part in the creation of the Academy of Sciences as well as the
restoration of the Academy of Painting. When the Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres
was founded in 1663, Perrault was appointed its secretary and served under Jean Baptiste
Colbert, finance minister to King Louis XIV. In the same year, he became a Controller-General
of the Department of Public Works. In this position, as described in his memoires, he
was able to save the Tuileries Gardens for the benefit of the people of Paris, instead
of exclusively for the Royal Family. Using his influence as Colbert’s administrative
aide, he was able to get his brother Claude employed as designer of the new section of
the Louvre Palace. In 1669, Charles advised the King to include fountains representing
ancient fables in the Labyrinth of the gardens of Versailles. He also produced the guidebook
for the Labyrinth of Versailles, printed at the Paris royal press, in 1677.
As artistic and literary advisor to King Louis, Perrault became an influential figure in the
17th-century French literary scene and wrote several works about the arts. His Opera treatise
was one of the first documents of the literary debate that was later to become known as the
Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns, which pitted supporters of the literature of Antiquity
(the “Ancients”) against supporters of the literature from the age of Louis XIV (the
“Moderns”). Perrault was on the side of the Moderns and wrote the poem The Century of
Louis the Great in 1687. He argued that because of the King’s enlightened rule, the present
age was superior in every respect to ancient times, including its modern French literature.
When Jean Baptiste Colbert died in 1683, Perrault lost all of his appointments and was forced
into early retirement at the age of fifty-six. After this, Perrault decided to continue writing
and dedicate himself to the education of his children. He had married 19 year-old Marie
Guichon in 1672; she had 2 sons with Perrault, but died at the young age of 25.
After writing epic poetry that showed his genuine devotion to Christianity, Perrault,
at age 69, published Fairy Tales and Stories of the Past with Morals, subtitled Mother
Goose Tales, a collection of literary fairy tales based on French popular tradition. The
book was celebrated because it was written during an era when fairy tales were fashionable
amongst aristocrats, in sophisticated court circles, and in Parisian literary salons.
Its publication made Perrault suddenly famous and credited as the main founder of the modern
fairy tale genre. Although his work reflects awareness of earlier fairy tales, many of
the popular stories that we hear today are told as he wrote them. In the stories, he
used images from around him and influences from his experiences and travels. Some were
original literary fairy tales modified from commonly known traditional stories, while
others were based on pre-existing folktales written by earlier medieval writers. He also
contrasted his folktale subject matter, with details, asides and subtext drawn from his
contemporary world of fashion, morals and culture. Following up on the spirit of these
tales, in 1699, he translated into French verse a Latin collection of Ancient Greek
stories known as the “100 Fables”. Several of Perrault’s tales, such as Cinderella,
Little Thumb, Bluebeard, and Little Red Riding Hood, continue to be printed and are still
well-liked throughout the world. Many, such as Puss in Boots and The Sleeping Beauty,
have been reinterpreted, modernized, and sometimes adapted to different art forms, such as ballet,
opera, theatre, television and film. Many of Perrault’s stories influenced the German
versions published 200 years later by the Brothers Grimm in their 1812 folktale collection
Grimm’s Fairy Tales. As mentioned, the birth of Charles Perrault
is situated on the Timeline in 1628. In each edition, our Timeline is presented in a simple
manner that is easy to comprehend, and fun to replicate for school projects. Charles
Perrault died in Paris in 1703 at age 75. To put this in perspective, simply insert
this event at the appropriate location on the Timeline.
This concludes our illuminating look at CHARLES PERRAULT: Mother Goose Nursery Rhythms & Brothers
Grimm Fairy Tales. We hope you have enjoyed this presentation
and look forward to meeting you again soon… along the TIMELINE.

2 Comments

  1. TIMELINE says:

    for proper viewing of this video make sure your ANNOTATIONS function is ON

  2. Robert Draxel says:

    Please tell me the name of the song in your intro, it is so cool!

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