Business English – How to talk about your career

Business English – How to talk about your career

Hi, my name is Rebecca from
In today’s lesson, you will learn about 24 different words to talk about your working life.
You’ll need these words if you want to be able to talk about your career or about
someone else’s professional life. So let’s get started. I’ve divided the
vocabulary into two parts. On this side, we’ll see words which the applicant
or the employee, the future employee is going to need; things that a person who is applying
for a job or someone who works somewhere, these words apply to them. And the words on
this side refer to things that the employer does, that the company does. Okay? So
let’s start with what a person does when he’s looking… He or she is looking for a job.
So the first thing is to “look for a job”. That could mean that you look at classified
ads, you go online; you look for a job. Another way to say that is: “to seek employment”,
that’s a formal way to say it. “To seek” means to look for, and “employment”
means work or a job. Next, you would probably “apply”. After you
see a position that interests you or a job that interests you, you would apply for that
position, you would fill out perhaps an application form or send in a letter. And also “submit”
which means to formally give in or send in, to submit your resume, to submit your CV. CV
is curriculum vitae. In some places, they say: “CV”, and in other places, they say: “resume”.
It’s the same thing, but you need to apply and submit it. So these are the first
three things that someone who’s looking for a job or a job applicant is going to do.
Let’s jump on to this side now to see what the employer does, and then later, we’ll come
back to a couple of other things which the person can do. Okay? So what does the employer usually do?
After they have gone through the applications, they will invite some people
for an “interview” and they will interview that person. Next, they’ll
make a list which is… That process is called: “to shortlist”. “To shortlist”
means let’s say that they interviewed 20 people and now they’re going to choose about three
people or five people, and from those five or three, they will choose one person finally
because there’s one position available. So when they take out of the 20, they make it
three or five, that’s called… That process is called shortlisting. They shortlist the candidates.
So the first thing you can hope, after being interviewed, is that you will be shortlisted.
And then, hopefully, you will also be chosen for the position. So if
that happens, the company decides to “hire” someone or to “recruit” a new employee,
to recruit someone. Both words are used. After that, if necessary, but not always,
they may have to “train” that person to teach them how to do the job. At some later point
in their career, it may be also necessary to “retrain” that person. “Re”-anything
usually means to do something again. Next, after the person has been hired and
perhaps trained, the person will be “placed” in a particular department, in a branch, in
a division, in a particular location. They will placed there means they
will be put in that position. Next, a variety of things can occur, can happen
in the course of a person’s career. A person could be “transferred”. You see the arrow?
Transfer means your position, the level of your position doesn’t change necessarily,
but you might be just moved. “To transfer” means to move to another branch, to another
location, to another country, – right? – another department, another division. You are transferred.
Another thing that can happen if you’re doing very well is you might be “promoted”. Here we
see the arrow pointing up. So, “to promote” means to get a higher level position. Usually,
but not always, that includes a higher salary as well. Then you may be… That’s referred to
as a “raise”, but it doesn’t always happen. Sometimes you get a higher
position without the extra money. What can also happen, but very rarely, – but
it does happen sometimes -, is instead of getting promoted, a person might be demo-… “Demoted”.
So “demoted” means to get a lower position. This doesn’t usually happen. Sometimes
it can happen, for example: in the army, a person might be demoted for
something bad that they did. Next: we come to different ways in which a
person can be asked to leave work. There are three different ways so let me explain because
the difference is actually very important. A person might be “laid off”. Another way to
say that is: “to make someone redundant”. A person might be laid off or made redundant.
I’ll explain what that means. A person might be “retrenched”, or: “dismissed”, or: “terminated”.
Now, let me explain the difference. When companies lay off employees, they don’t usually lay
off one employee. They lay off a number of employees, sometimes it could be a hundred
employees, it could be a thousand employees. And why does that happen? It has nothing to
do with employee performance; it has to do with other… other reasons. The economy may
be bad or the sales may be down, and so on. And so the company is forced to lay off hundreds of workers.
Right? So when the company lays off a number of workers, then they are telling
them to go, but again, it’s only temporarily. Usually it’s temporarily. Sometimes if the…
If the economy continues to be really bad, it can become permanent, but layoffs are often temporary.
Sometimes when things improve then they may be rehired. So if someone is laid
off, it’s much easier for that person to get another job because if they’re fired, for
example, then that’s going to be more difficult for them to get another job. All right.
Now, next one is: “retrench”. When a company retrenches employees, it’s similar
to the layoff, but it’s for different reasons. Retrenchment happens when a company is trying
to restructure itself, reorganize its finances. And so, it may decide to reduce expenses in a
number of different ways. Sometimes it does it by shortening working hours, by lowering
salaries, and finally, if they have no choice and no other way to save enough money, they
may actually ask employees to go. So those employees would then be retrenched. Again,
it doesn’t usually just happen to one person at all; it happens to many people, maybe hundreds.
So layoffs and retrenchments are similar, except that retrenchment is often looked at,
technically, as more permanent, and layoffs, as I mentioned, might be temporary. The
next situation is number 11 here, is a person could be “dismissed” or “terminated.”
And what does that mean? Okay? That means something quite different from being laid
off, because when you’re laid off, as I said, it’s not your fault. But if you’re dismissed
or terminated, it may be because the company is specifically unhappy with that person’s
performance, or that person is perpetually late, or that person’s work is not up to standard, and so on.
Right? So the company dismisses that particular person. The official word for
that is to be “dismissed” or to be “terminated”. The slang for that is to be “fired” or “sacked”.
In North America, the slang is: “to be fired”. In England, the slang tends to
be: “to be sacked”. All right? So that’s what can happen from the employer’s
point of view. Let’s go back for a minute and talk about a few other
things that the employee can do. Sometimes, you may get a better job and so
you decide to leave the company where you work and go to another company, so you “resign”.
This is something you do by yourself. You decide to resign. The slang for that is to: “quit”.
“I quit”, famous words. So, if you decide to resign, you will probably submit a
letter of resignation. All right? That goes with resigning. And the last
thing that an employee usually does, – it depends on what age in different
countries -, is to “retire”. So what does it mean to retire? “To retire” means to stop
working because you’ve reached an age when, legally, you are forced to stop working. And these…
The age varies in different countries, but it can be anywhere from 60 to 65 in most places.
All right? Of course, if you work for yourself, you may never retire. And in
other countries, the retirement age might be quite different. All right? So,
this is some essential vocabulary that you need to be able to talk about your business
life, your working life, your career. All right? If you would like to do a quiz on this
subject, please go to our website: Thank you very much for watching, and
good luck with your career. Bye for now.


  1. Nina Turliana says:

    very helpful..

  2. Mahmudun Nabi says:

    Love u so much

  3. Jawen yang says:

    How about it?

  4. rinos asanudeen says:

    excellent teaching

  5. Mariafernandapereyra pereyra says:

    thanks rebecca, I love the way you explain the lessons, and the way you talk to teach, I understand everything you say,I'm from Argentina, I've many teachers and some of them doesn't speak as clearly as you,I think they want to seem like native speakers!, I would like to study to be a translator, and I want to ask you some web where I can practice english translation, could you suggest me one?, well,thank you and take care!

  6. Lukas HeKaTeS says:

    why 1k dislikes there ?

  7. faskt1 says:

    Thanks by the class, your dictation is almost perfect and your knowlege is awesome.


  8. Luis Doport Alejandre says:

    Good work

  9. Anita Spahijaj says:

    Thank you very much, this was really helpful for me!!

  10. Ayman Shabaan Abdullah says:

    Thank you very much

  11. Jassy Sidhu says:

    Nice teaching

  12. ClaretCode says:

    Thanks so much

  13. Hussain Ali says:

    madom i learn english you help me and give your imo no

  14. Yakup Annayev says:

    can i follow your lessons in facebook? could you send me address

  15. Genese Barbosa says:

    Good videos!!! I'm really thankful for that.

  16. ofee amdo says:

    interesting this video thank you very much

  17. Learnofista Learn says:

    Do watch my channel Learnofista

  18. Amina TAHRI says:

    Rebecca you're amazing

  19. Tarun Thapa says:

    thank you mam for your fascinating lessons

  20. Leo Ody says:

    Great video, thank you so much !

  21. Светлана Цалова says:

    ??? All The Beautiful Spring !!! Thank you!!!!???

  22. musadiku osman says:

    i am coming form English

  23. Cagri Kanver says:

    Pretty helpful!

  24. skd vines says:

    I want to became a lieutenant how I can prepare for it

  25. Hungry For Success says:

    I love this video. …perfect

  26. Bayan Abuzir says:

    you are Awesome

  27. Anjaly Sharma says:


  28. Ray says:

    Just more fuel for corporate greed here.

  29. The Game of Learning says:

    Thank you!

  30. ANGEL X says:

    I have to say that you are doing an great job. The way you explain is amazing. Please keep such videos, you are one of a million. I do love how you explain everything in detail.

  31. MICROTECH says:


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  33. Наталия Тодорова says:

    It's very professional! Thank you so much!

  34. Andra Papuc says:

    Canadian people are the most worst horrable people, they are illiterate, uneducated and don't accept good people at their work place. Canada the worst country, with the lowest garbage people in the world.

  35. Sabri Akman says:

    First of all thank you for making these videos for us. There is a subject which isn't still learnt by me it's 'be to' . For example I am to judge you what does it mean? I hope you will make a video . Thanks from now

  36. Muhammad_Azka323 Azka says:

    vidio. gontor

  37. soula markou says:

    Excellent lesson you are lovely teacher Rebecca thank you

  38. Hoda Hamed says:

    Rebecca you are amazing , Thanks a lot for your lessons !

  39. Eddie Watch says:

  40. Er. Ajay Gupta says:

    Thank you so much mam…

  41. Fafi Ajouz says:

    I like your way to teach us perfect way

  42. Pé Panda says:


  43. Adriana Larty says:

    thank you for the video! ^^

  44. Sandipan Mondal says:

    Thank you, I love your teaching. It is very helpful. You are awesome teacher.

  45. Narmin Novruzova says:

    I am from Azerbaijan. I work and i take English course for learning,improving, if i get any time at work I watch rebeca's videos

  46. Narmin Novruzova says:

    I can get it all words from here

  47. Narmin Novruzova says:

    who can help me?

  48. Jose Alejandro Ajau says:

    I apareciste your help teacher Rebbeca. God bless you. With your classes i have learned a lot

  49. Jose Alejandro Ajau says:

    I appreciate your help teacher

  50. dedi abel gnagbo says:

    tres cordial…je regrette d etre eficace…

  51. dedi abel gnagbo says:

    association abel boxing club…

  52. رائد الذهب says:

    thank yuy very much ..

  53. E Education says:

    Thanks Madam.Rebeca

  54. Danny O'Sullivan says:

    Great, I've been a teacher for two years now. I'm going to do a 30 hour business english module next week. This is what I need to see 🙂

  55. usman khan says:

    hello Rebecca i also looking for a job but i have not apply anywhere yet because for interview i have to improve my english

  56. Hao Luo says:

    Thank u very much! I really like these vides. Could u please tell me do I need to pay if I subscribe your channel ?

  57. Felix Nuñez Gómez says:


  58. Fatima Zahra BOUZIANE says:

    thank you so much for this precious informations , I've learned new words for ex: lay off retrench and dismiss

  59. Sandeep Kumar Yadav king says:

    Hello Madam is very good teaching
    Thank You

  60. Antonio Lim says:

    Hello Ma'am thanks you, now i know the right use of words

  61. Abhishek Poddar says:

    Thank you so much


    qnt is a great company and wish to be a volontier

  63. ganesh survase says:

    Nic good goning

  64. ksu here says:

    so nice! thank you! helped me in teaching Business English!

  65. Renato Aa says:

    Excellent explanations ! It has helped me a lot.

  66. Faisal BinAli says:


  67. Salahuddin Salahuddin says:

    Hi Rebecca, You're the teacher whom I looked for learning deep. You're excellent!

  68. наталья сорокина says:

    Hello, I am from Russia. I like your lessons. Thanks, Rebecca.

  69. TATAR888 Irkiya says:

    Thank you!!!

  70. Abdiaziz Siciid says:

    Rebbeca, thanks for your lessons . its very useful.

  71. Barry Zhang says:

    Thank you, dear Rebecca teacher, you are awesome, very helpful to me.
    an employee did not work hard, he/she could be demoted, an employee works hard who could be promoted, and deserved a higher salary, right?

  72. makwana manoj says:

    Your always giving something new

  73. Апр Капр says:

    Thank u rebeca and engvid you really helped to improve my english

  74. Philippe MORIN says:

    Hi Rebecca thank you very much for your dynamic and clear lessons. I didn’t find if you speak British or American English.could you please give me this information?

  75. ada saidou maman chapiou says:

    hi. nice video and then i appreciated it a lot. thank you very much.

  76. Dakshin Sudarshan says:

    just learnt retrench and lay off are not the same.

  77. olga garcia says:

    you are so good teaching!!!

  78. MarcieVillela says:

    thanks a million Rebecca! hugs from Brasil.

  79. moon light says:

    شكرا الشرح جدا واضح ?thank you

  80. Yahia Elhawy says:

    please translate all lessons.

  81. ws hayani says:

    Useful and practical topic many thanks

  82. santhosh ravi says:


  83. Trupti Kokate says:

    You are best English teacher mam … Thank you so much…

  84. samy vp says:

    i like smile with energetic english

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  86. Shahzada Pashto Channel says:

    I can speak English very well, but I don't have any English friend to talk with me or help with me ?
    Could someone help me please

  87. My Fav Passion says:

    Rebecca Ma'am, you are amazing teacher. Clearly explained. I always recommend my friends to learn from you. Thousand Thanks to you.

  88. le thi thu Nguyet says:

    Your lessons are really useful & help me a lot. Thank you!

  89. අප්‍රේල්21 මහින්දට පණ නැනත ආපු දවස says:

    Thanks a lot maam

  90. Amakali Lahja says:

    hey, Rebecca, i enjoy your videos.

  91. Carlos Fructuoso says:

    Nice class! Thank you.

  92. Christian Barraco says:

    Hi Rebecca! thx for your very useful lessons. Great!

  93. 총포옹퐁 says:

    한국어 자막~ 감사합니다~~♡ thank you

  94. sima kavand says:

    Thanks ?????

  95. pallavi y gowda says:

    I am karnataka

  96. Walter Jayasinghe says:

    Your lessons are very good and the way of explanations are really attractive

  97. Hiba N says:

    Thank you so much ?

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